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The Internet 1: email and newsgroups

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The Internet 1: email and newsgroups на http://mirrorref.ru

The Internet 1: email and newsgroups

When different networks are connected together, the combined network is called aninternetwork orinternet. The connection of networks throughout the world forms what is known as theInternet. Networks all over the world are connected to the Internet using electronic devices known asrouters. The routers decide which rout on the Internet a particular signal should take to get to its destination. Users often pay a monthly fee to a type of company known as an Internet service provider (ISP), to provide them with an Internet connection. A variety of services such as email and file transfer are made available to users on the Internet. These services are controlled using a system of server computers at various locations throughout the world.

Electronic mail, which has come to be known as email, is one of the most popular services on the Internet. Email allows users to send electronic messages to storage areas known as mailboxes on server computers where they can be read by other users. Each user has their own email address which determines where their email messages are stored. Every email address has two main parts separated by an at symbol, i.e.username@ domain name. The domain name may be subdivided using dots. A typical email address might have the following components:

Username@server.type of.country

or identifiernameorganization

Standard codes are used for the types of organization, although they may vary slightly from country to country. Not all email addresses use all the possible parts of the domain name. An email message has two main parts known as theheader and thebody of the message. The body contains the message itself, whilst the header reveals the identity of the recipient and of the sender, the date it was sent, and the subject title of the message. The most basic type of email consists of plain text to which other types of computer files, such as formatted text, spreadsheets, sound files, or video files can be attached. Theseemail attachments can then be opened and read using an appropriate program on the recipient’s computer.

Groups of users that share a special interest can subscribe to freenewsgroups on the Internet. Subscribers can send plain text messages to a common area on a server computer where all the newsgroup members can read them. In this way, conversations about the special interest can take place between all the members of the group. The name of the newsgroup is made up of different parts separated by dots and indicates the specialist area the subscribers are interested in. For example, newsgroup names that begin withalt indicate that they deal with alternative types of subjects, e.g.alt.tasteless-jokes. Newsgroup names beginning withrec deal with recreational subjects, e.g.rec.chess. When you are replaying to a message, it is common for the email program to include the original message with each line marked with achevron (>), and if you are replaying to a reply, each line of the original text is marked with double chevrons (>>). In this way the correspondents can keep track of the conversation.

13 The Internet 1:

email and newsgroups

Tuning-in

Task 1Study this diagram of the Internet. With its help, match these definitions to the correct item on the diagram.

1a device which selects the best route to send data from one network to another

2a specialist computer which provides a service to a network

3a company which provides Internet access

4a large multi-user computer for processing very large amounts of data

5computers connected together to share hardware and software

Task 2Do you use the Internet? What do people use the Internet for? Make a list and discuss it with your group.

Listening: Email

Task 3Study this email. Answer these questions.

1Who is the sender?4What is it about?

2What is his email address?5What time was the message sent?

3Who is it sent to?6In what form is the main part of the message?

Task 4Now listen to the attachment and find the answers to these questions.

1When did he start his course?

2Why is Friday different from other days?

3 Which class does he most enjoy?

4 What is he thinking of for a project?

5Why does he not like the maths lecturer?

6What sport does he play at lunch-time?

7 What's happening on the 17th?

8 Where will it be?

9 Who will be there?

Reading: Newsgroups

Task 5You can exchange views on almost any subject by joining an Internet

newsgroup. Which of these groups would interest the following people(1-6)?

aalt.algebra.helpfalt.sport.soccer.european

balt.asian-movies                    g alt.tasteless-jokes

с alt.comics.batmanhrec.antiques.bottles

d alt.education.disabledialt.food.wine

e alt.fashionjalt.music.world

1a football fan                                   4 a comic book collector

2a student with maths problems5a fan of Indian cinema

3 a bottle collector6someone interested in clothes

Task 6Study this exchange between subscribers to a newsgroup and find the answers to these questions.

1What newsgroup is this?6Who sent the second message?

2Who sent the first message?             7 What was the object?

3 When did he send it?                        8 Why do they think so?

4 Where was flight KN162 going?      9 What did the coastguard see?

5What did the pilot see?10What was he doing?

Language work:

Past simple vs Past continuous

We make thePast continuouswithwas/were +the-ingform of the verb. We often use it to provide the context for actions in the past.

Hewas flyingfrom Dallas to Fargo. Hesawa UFO.

(action 1)                                                (action 2)

To show that one past action happened in the middle of another past action, we can link them usingwhen, as,andwhile.

He was flying from Dallas to Fargowhenhe saw a UFO.

Ashe was flying from Dallas to Fargo, he saw a UFO.

Whilehe was flying from Dallas to Fargo, he saw a UFO.

We use thePast simplefor completed actions, especially those which take very little time. We use thePast continuousto describe actions which happen over a period of time.

He saw a UFO. Itwas headingnorth-east. Itwas travellingat

2,000 km/h.

Task 7Put the verb in brackets into thePast simpleor thePast continuous.

1The plane ______________ (go) to Fargo.

2The UFO _________________ (fly) at 10,000 metres.

3 The pilot _____________ (notice) it had short wings.

4 The pilot  ______________ (report) the incident.

5He  _______________ (describe) the vessel as silver in colour.

6No one else __________ (see) the UFO.

7 The UFO __________  (head) north-east.

8The coastguard ___________ (see) three winged craft.

9He __________ (search) for a missing fishing boat.

10A UFO ____________ (crash) at Roswell.

Task 8Link these actions to show that one action happened during the other action. Put each verb in the correct tense, and use an appropriate time word:while, as,orwhen.

1He _________ (fly) from London to Edinburgh. He _________ (see) a UFO.

2Her computer _______ (crash). She ___________ (search) the Internet.

3 They _________ (study). A fire __________ (start) in the Computer Lab.

4 She ____________  (print) out her email. The printer __________ (develop) a fault.

5They _____________ (work) on the computer. Someone ___________ (switch) on the

power.

Problem-solving

Study this typical email address. It belongs to Anna Lock, who works for the Pesto company in the UK.

Study these examples of types of organizations and countries.

Organizations                                            Countries

comorсоcommercial organizationatAustria

edu/aceducationauAustralia

govgovernmentcaCanada

intinternational organizationschSwitzerland

milmilitarydeGermany

netnetwork provideresSpain

orgnot-for-profitfrFrance

and other organizationsitItaly

Task 9Whose email addresses are these? Match the addresses(1-8)to the list of users(a-h).

1redcrossyouth@algonet.se

2webmaster@fao.org.it

3today@bbc.co.uk

4jsmith@smith.senate.gov

5rossi@cantsoc.com.it

6sales@demon.net

7lunchx@swtol.usace.army.mil

8s.larrieu@ly.ac.fr

aa UN organization based in Italy

b a US politician

сa Swedish charity

da student at a French university

ea news programme on a public broadcasting service in the UK

fan Italian wine co-operative

g a military organization based in the US

han ISP

Writing

Task 10Write a brief email to a friend describing your course. Your message should answer these questions.

1What is your course called?

2When do you have classes?

3 Which subjects do you study?

4 Which subjects do you enjoy most? Why?

5Which subjects do you like least? Why?

6What do you do in your free time?

The Internet 1: email and newsgroups на http://mirrorref.ru


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