Грамматика: Сборник упражнений

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АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

ю. голицынский

ГРАММАТИКА

СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ

ИЗДАНИЕ СЕДЬМОЕ

ZМКI

для школьников

КЙРО

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК для школьников

Ю. ГОЛИЦЫНСКИЙ Н. ГОЛИЦЫНСКАЯ

ГРАММАТИКА

СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ

ИЗДАТЕЛЬСТВОСшкгЛвтербург

ИЗДАНИЕ СЕДЬМОЕ, ИСПРАВЛЕННОЕ И ДОПОЛНЕННОЕ

УДК 372.167.1 : 811.111 ББК81.2Англ-922 Г 60

Авторы: Ю. Б. Голицынский, Н. А. Голицынская (исправления и дополнения)

Голицынский Ю.Б.

Г 60 Грамматика: Сборник упражнений.— 7-е изд., испр. и доп. —СПб.:КАРО, 2011.— 576с— (Серия «Английский язык для школьников»).

ISBN978-5-9925-0545-0.

Сборник упражнений по всем разделам английской грамматики. Упражнения основаны на несложной лексике. Они содержат достаточно материала для запоминания основных грамматических форм и выработки навыков их применения. Дополнен теоретическим материалом и словарем.

Предназначен для учащихся V—IX классов базовых школ и школ с углубленным изучением английского языка.

УДК 372.167.1 :811.111 ББК81.2Англ-922

Все права защищены.

Никакая часть данной книги не может переиздаваться или распространяться в любой форме и любыми средствами, электронными или механическими, включая фотокопирование, звукозапись, любые запоминающие устройства и системы поиска информации, без письменного разрешения правообладателя.

Любые попытки нарушения закона будут преследоваться в судебном порядке.

ISBN978-5-9925-0545-0

©KAPO,2011

Все права защищены

Предисловие

Предлагаемый сборник содержит грамматические упражнения по основным темам грамматики английского языка: артикль, существительное, неопределенные местоименияsome,апу,по и их производные, местоименияmuch,тапу, (а)little,(а)feto,степени сравнения прилагательных, предлоги, употребление времен, страдательный залог, согласование времен и косвенная речь, неличные формы глагола, сложное дополнение, сложное подлежащее, условные предложения и употребление сослагательного наклонения послеIwish,модальные глаголы.

Настоящее, седьмое издание сборника подверглось переработке, в процессе которой были сделаны необходимые исправления и дополнения.

В данном учебном пособии предложен новый интересный материал:

1)вере;

  1. о предстоящих Олимпийских играх в Лондоне и Сочи;
  2. о финансовом кризисе в 2007-2010 гг.;
  3. о развитии экономики в Китае и Индии;
  4. о глобальном потеплении. Включены такие тексты, как:

1)«Барак Обама — 44-й президент США»;

2)Гордон Браун» (2007-2010 гг.);

3)«1150-летие Господина Великого Новгорода».

Изучение этого материала дает возможность познакомиться с политической и экономической лексикой английского языка. Упражнения, представляющие собой связные тексты, можно также использовать и для развития навыков устной речи. После выполнения задания по грамматике все связные тексты могут использоваться в различных вопросно-ответных упражнениях, пересказах, беседах и т. п.

Сборник завершается контрольными упражнениями, позволяющими проверить правильность усвоения учащимися применения артиклей, употребления времен в активном и пассивном залогах, герундия, причастия и модальных гда-голов.

Для некоторых грамматических явлений в сборнике приведены примечания, в которых указана ссылка на: 1) пособие по грамматике английского языка:Raymond Murphy"Essential Grammar in Use";2) словарь"Cambridge International Dictionary of English".

Кроме того, расширен и выверен словарь, исправлены орфография и транскрипция. Изменения, внесенные в словарь сборника, выполнены в соответствии с орфографией и транскрипцией словаряLongman Dictionary of English Language and Culture.Longman Group UK Limited,1992. Англо-русский и русско-английский словарь сборника помещен в конце книги, причем он включает все слова, имеющиеся в упражнениях, благодаря чему у ученика не будет необходимости обращаться к большому словарю в поисках незнакомых слов, что облегчит ему работу и сократит время на выполнение упражнений. Перед словарем приведены таблицы с фонетическими символами, используемыми в транскрипции английских слов.

Сборник предназначен для учащихся средних школ, независимо от их профиля, а также может быть использован при работе со взрослыми. При существующем в настоящее время большом разнообразии учебных программ и учебников не представляется целесообразным согласовывать лексический и грамматический материал с каким-нибудь определенным учебником. В пределах каждого раздела сборника упражнения расположены по мере возрастания трудностей, что дает возможность учителю подбирать упражнения в соответствии с языковым уровнем учащихся.

Все упражнения сборника снабжены ключами, которые изданы отдельной книгой. Наличие ключей позволит использовать данный сборник упражнений в качестве пособия.-для самостоятельной работы.

Из собственного многолетнего опыта преподавательской работы авторы сборника знают, что количество грамматических упражнений, предлагаемых любым учебником, недостаточно, а учитель всегда испытывает потребность в дополнительных упражнениях. Поэтому предлагаемый сборник упражнений может оказаться уместным и полезным для работы по любому учебнику и с любой аудиторией.

Авторы

АРТИКЛЬ

Запомните следующие правила: Перед каждым нарицательным существительным должен стоять артикль.

Если вы не употребляете перед существительным артикль, вы должны уметь объяснить, почему.

Артикль не употребляется, если перед существительным стоит притяжательное или указательное местоимение, другое существительное в притяжательном падеже, количественное числительное или отрицаниепо(неnot!).

Упражнение 1

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.This is...реп.That is...pencil.2.This is...book. It is my...book.3.Is this your...pencil?No, it isn't my...pencil, it is my sister's...pencil.4.1 have...sister. My...sister is...engineer. My sister's...husband is...doctor. Theyhavegot two...children.5.This is...girl. This...girl is their...daughter. Their daughter's...name is Vera.6.That is...boy. That...boy is her...brother. Her brother's...name is Nick.7.This is our...flat.8.We have got...car. Our...car is not very expensive but reliable.9.1 haveпо ...pet.10.My granny has got...headache. She hasпо ...idea what to do.11.1 have...friend. His...name is Mike. My...friend is very good.12.It's...cat. Its...tail is long and bushy. It's Mike's...cat.

Упражнение 2

Вбтавътеартикль,гденеобходимо.

1.When is your...birthday?My...birthday is (on) Ist May.2.Do you remember your mother's...birthday?Yes, I do.3.His...uncle is generous and her...aunt is very kind.4.That...man is very clever. His...book is recognized by a lot of people.5.They know our...address..6. Their...son speaks English very well.7.My cousin's...dog is smalU Its...hair is curly.8.Is this...watch? No, it ish't...watch, it's...pen.9.This...pen is good, and that...pen is bad.10.I can see...pencil on your...table, but I can see no...paper. ll.Give me...chair, please.12.They have...dog and two...cats.13.I have...spoon in my...soup plate, but I have no...soup in it.14.My...friend says he is going to be...mil-lionaire one...day. lö.Would you like...orange?16.Mr Smith is...artist. Mrs Smith is...poetess. She is not...singer.

Упоминая предмет впервые, мы употребляем перед ним неопределенный артикльа(an).Упоминая этот же предмет вторично, мы ставим перед ним определенный артикльthe.

Е.д.This isаbook.Thebook is interesting.

Упражнение 3

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. Неhasn't got... саг.But he's got...Computer....Computer is new.2.His...friends have got...cat and...dog....dog never bites...cat.3.This is...tree....tree is green.4.I can see three...boys. ...boys are playing.5.I have...bicycle....bicycle is black. My...friend has no...bicycle.6.Our...room is large.7.We wrote...dictation yesterday....dicta-tion was long.8.She has two...daughters and one...son. Her...son is...pupil.9.Last year I gave my...mother...bracelet for her...birthday. She liked...bracelet.10.My...brother's...friend has no...dog.11.This...pencll is broken. Give me that...pencil, please.12.She has...ball....ball is...big.13.1 got...letter from my...friend yesterday....let-ter was interesting.14.When they were in Geneva, they stayed at...hotel. Sometimes they had dinner at...hotel and sometimes in...restaurant.15.I've got...idea.16.What...surprise! Our...parents gave us...DVD player for Christmas.

Неопределенный артикльa (an)может употребляться только с исчисляемыми существительными, стоящими в единственном числе. Перед неисчисляемыми существительными или существительными во множественном числе неопределенный артикль опускается. Определенный артикльtheупотребляется как с исчисляемыми, так и с неисчисляемыми существительными, как с единственным, так и со множественным числом.

Е.д.This Isаbook.Thebook is interesting.

исчисляемоевединственномчислеThis is£meat.Themeat is fresh.неисчисляемое

These are£books.Thebooks are good.

множественное число.

Упражнение 4

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.This is... реп. ... репis red.2.These are pen-cils....pencils are black.3.This is...soup....soup is so tasty.4.In the morning I eat...sandwich and drink...tea.5.She gave me...coffee and...cake.

...coffee was hot....сакеwas very tasty.6.Do you like...ice cream?7.I see...book in yojir...hand. Is...book interesting?8.Do you need...camera?9.He never eats...meat, he always eats...vegeta-bles,...cereals,...seeds,...fruit, and...nuts. He is...vegetarian.10.This is...pineapple....pineapple is delicious.11.Elaine,...apples are good for you!

My...cousin is üpset. He's got...sore throat.

This is...cottage cheese....cottage cheese is fresh.14.She bought...meat,...butter and...potatoes yesterday. She also bought...cake....cake was...delicious. We ate...cake and drank...tea.15.This is my...table. On...table I have...books, two...pencils,...pen and...paper.16.This is...bag....bag is brown. It is my sister's...bag. And this is my...bag. It is...yellow.

Запомните следующие словосочетания, в которых артикль не употребляется:

at£school athome at   work

Упражнение 5

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. Ihave two...sisters. My...sisters are...stu-dents.2.We are at...home.3.My...brother is not at...home, he is at...school.4.My...mother is at...work. She is...doctor.5.I am not...doctor.6.He has no...sister.7.He is not...pilot.8.I have thirty-two...teeth.9.He has...child.10.She has two...children. Her children are at...school.

Is your father at...home?No, he is at...work.

Where is your...brother?He is at...home.

Если перед существительным употребляется прилагательное, оно стоит между артиклем и существительным.

E.g. This isаbook. This isagood book.

Упражнение 6.

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.We have...large...family.2.My granny of-ten teils us...long...intereeting...stories.3.My...father is...engineer. He works in...factory....factory is large.4.My...mother is...doctor. She works at...large...hospital. She is at...work nöw.5.My...aunt is...teacher. She works at...school....school is good. My...aunt is not at...school now. She is at...home. She is drinking...tea and eating...jam....jam is sweet. I am at...home, too. I am drinking...tea and eating...sandwich....sandwich is tasty. 6.My sister is at...school. She is...pupil.7.My cousin has...big...black...cat. My cousin's...cat has two...kittens....cat likes...milk....kittens like...milk, too.8.I am...engineer.9.My...son is...pupil.10.He is...good...pupil.11.This is...house.12.This is my...laptop.13.You have some...pencils, but I have no...pencil. Give me...pencil, please.14.It's...small...animal that has...long...ears,...short... tail, and...soft...hair.

Часто, даже упоминая предмет впервые, мы, тем не менее, употребляем перед ним определенный артикль:

а) если упоминаемый предмет является единственным в мире:

E.g.Thesun is shining brightiy.

. б) если этот предмет является определенным по ситуации:

E.g.  Putthebook on the table.

Упражнение 7

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.What's...weather like today?— ...weather is fine.2. ...sun is yellow.3. ...sky is grey today.4....Earth is...planet.5.We had...English lesson yesterday....teacher asked me many...questions....questions were difficult.6.Where is your...brother?He is at...home. He is in his...room. He is sitting at...table. He is doing his...homework....homework is difficult.7.Our...cat is sitting on.;.sofa.8.It is very dark in...room. Turn on...light, please.9.Nick went into...bathroom, turned on...water and washed his...hands.10.Ann turned on...television to watch...evening news.11.She doesn't often watch...television. 12. You can't see ... moon in ... sky tonight.

Упражнение 8

Вставьтеартикль,гденеобходимо.

1.This is...good...book. Take...book from...table. Put this...book in...bookcase.2. ...weather is fine today....sky is blue....sun is shining brightly in...blue...sky.3.This is...boy....boy is at...school. He is...pupil. This...boy is my...brother's...friend. He has...cat, but he has no...dog. He likes his...cat. He gives...cat...milk every day.4.Yesterday I received...letter from my...friend....letter was important.5.We live in...big house. Ilike...house very much.6.Are you...worker?No, I am...student.7.I like your...beautiful...flower. Give me...flower, please.8.My...mother is at...home. She is reading...marvellous...story.9.My...father is not at...home. He is at...work. He is not...lawyer. He is...doctor. He is...good...doctor. He works at...hospital....hospital is large.10.That is

...book....book is thick. That...book isn't thin. This is...interesting thick book.11.Those are...books....books are new and old. Those are...new and old books. Those...books are interesting.

Кроме того, существует огромное количество так называемых устойчивых словосочетаний, в которых артикль употребляется или отсутствует традиционно. Эти слово-^. сочетания приходится заучивать наизусть.

Запомните следующие конструкции:

There isа ....Where isthe... ?

Запомните также следующие предложения:

The (book) is on the (table).Ho:The (book) is on a little (table)1.

Упражнение 9

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.There is...big tree in...garden.2.There is...bank near here.Where is...bank?3.There is...new supermarket in...centre of our...town.

1 Существительное, стоящее в скобках, может быть любым. Прилагательное также может быть любым. Вместо предлогаопможет быть любой другой предлог или заменяющее его словосочетание, напр.in front of.

There is...hotel over there....hotel isn't cheap.

Where is...cat?— ...cat is on...sofa.6.Where is...book?— ...book is on...shelf.7.Where are...flowers?— ...flowers are in...beautiful vase.8.Where is...vase?— ...vase is on...little table near...window.9.Open...window, please....

weather is fine today. Iсапsee...sun in...sky. Iсапsee...nice little bird....bird is sitting in...big tree....tree is green.10.There is...little white cloud in...sky.11.What...beautiful...day!12.We have...large room. There is...big sofa in...room and...little lamp on...wall over...sofa. I like to sit on...sofa and read...good book.13.This is4.. Computer....Computer isn't old. This...Computer is new. This is...good new Computer.14.These äre>..Computers....Computers are new. These aren't...old Computers. These are...new Computers. These...Computers are good.

Запомните следующее устойчивое словосочетание:infront (of)

Упражнение 10

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.There is...wonderful small Computer in...front of...books there.2.Where is...soup?— ...soup is in...big saucepan on...gas cooker.3.Where are...cutlets?— ...cutlets are in...refrigerator on...little plate.4.There is no...bread on...table. Where is...bread?5.There is...little brown coffee table in our...room in...front of...sofa.6.Where is...table in your...room?7.There is...thick carpet on...floor in my mother's...room.

Is your brother at...home?No, he is at...work. He works in...big factory. He is...engineer.

My sister has many...books....books are in...big bookcase. She has really...good...taste in...books.

10....weather is fine today. Let's go and play inyard. There are many...children in...are playing with...ball.

Запомните следующие конструкции, требующие неопределенного артикля:

Ihaveа ...Неhasа ...

ISGG9 •■■

This isа ...That isа ...It isа ...There isа ...

I amа...He isа ...She isа ...

Упражнение 11

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.Isee...bottle of...pineapple...juice on...kitchen table.2.Her...son has...great...sense of...humor.3.There was...disco at...club last Sun-day but he didn't go.4.Is there...bus stop near...building?5.We have...big dog....dog is very clever.6.My friend has...very goodComputer.7.This...boy is big. He is...student.8.There is...large piano in...hall.9.This is...treeand that is not...tree.It's...bush.10.I am...boy. I am...pupil. I study at...school.11.My sister is at...work. She is...secretary. She works for...newCompany.12.This is...very difficult question. I don't know...answer to it.13.Do you see...little girl with...big ball in her...hands? She is...pupil of our...school.14.There was...beautiful flower in this...vaseyesterday.Where is...flower now?15.Lastyearwe were in Geneva. It is...exciting city to visit, but...very expensive place to live.

Запомнитеследующиеустойчивыесловосочетания:

inthemiddle inthecorner totheright totheleft

Упражнение 12

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.There is...jar of...delicious orange marmelade in...middle of...shelf.2.There is...big...box of...cereal to...right of you.3.There is...bunch of...bananas on...table. Don't keep them in...fridge.4.There is...loaf of...white...bread on...upper...shelf of...fridge. If you want your...bread to be fresh, keep it only in...fridge.5.Is there...bag of...flour in...cupboard?6.There was...bottle of...drinking water in...corner of...kitchen.7.There is...thick red...carpet in my...room....carpet is on...floor in...front of...sofa.8.Where is...table in your brother's...room?His...table is near...window.9.1 can see...fine...vase on...shelf. There are...lovely...flowers in...vase.10.They have no...piano in their...living room.11.My...uncle is...married. He has...beautiful wife. They have...son, but they have no...daughter.12.I can see...nice...coffee table in...middle of...room to...right of...door. It is...black and...red. I like...coffee table.13.Our...TV set is on...little...table in...corner of...room.14.There is...beautiful picture in my father's...study....picture is on...wall to...left of...window.15.What...picture!

Упражнение 13

Вставьтеартикль,гденеобходимо.

My aunt'sflatis in...new house. There is...living room,...bedroom,...study,...bathroom and...kitchenin...flat....bedroom is...large roomwith...two Windows....room islightas...Windowsare large. There are...white curtains on...Windows.There are...two beds with...large pillows on them.

There are...small tables near...beds. There are...lamps on them. To...left of...door there is...dress-ing table with...mirror on it. There is...low chair at...dressing table. There are...several pictures on...pale green walls. There is-...thick carpet on...floor....carpet is dark green....room is very cosy.

Если после конструкцииthere is (there are)стоит не-исчисляемое существительное или существительное во множественном числе, вместо опущенного неопределенного артикля часто (не обязательно) употребляется словоsome.

Упражнение 14

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.There is...park behind...hospital. There are...beautiful...trees in...park.2.There is...good...film on TV this;..evening. I am going to watch it.3.There is...library between...school and...bank. There are...English and German books in this...library.4.There is...sofa in corner of...room.5.There are...cushions on...sofa.6.There are...books on...shelf. Give me...book, please.

What can you see in...fridge?There is...sausage on...top shelf, but there is no...cheese there. There is...butter in...butter dish. There are...tomatoes and...carrots on...bottom shelf. There are...eggs and...apples on...next shelf. There is...orange,...lemon, and...jam in...little jar there.

There is...juice in this...carton. May I drink...juice?9.There are...girls in...yard, but I can see no...boys. Where are...boys?Oh, all...boys are playing football at...Stadium.10.There is...peculiar charm in her...voice.11.There is...money in...purse.

Упражнение 15

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.Where is...busStation?— ...busStationis next to...gasStation.2.There are two...pets in...house:...cat and...dog.3.There is...TV antenna on...roof.4.There is...mailbox between...building and...bus stop.5.There is...big...dog in...front of...fireplace.6.Do you speak English at...work?7.She had...bad...day today.8.1have...colour TV set. TV set is on...little table in...corner of...room.9.There is...book,...pen, and...paper on my...writing desk.10.My...brother is...teacher. He works at...school. He has...very good books. His...books are in...big bookcase.11.There is...tea in my...glass. There is no...tea in my...friend's...glass. His...glassisempty.12.Where is...coffee table in your...room?— ...coffee table is in...front of...sofa. There is...cup on...coffee table and...box of...chocolates. There is...coffee in...cup.13.There are...photographs and newspapers on...sofa.14.There is...guitar on...chair near...piano.15.There was...piano in...corner of...living room. He sat at...piano for...hours, playing...favourite pieces from...classical music. He was...wonderful piano player.

Запомните следующие устойчивые словосочетания:

inthemorning

intheevening

Intheafternoon

atnight

Атакже:

to go tosbed

to go toschool

to go tov^work

Упражнение 16

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.Every day my...brother and I get up at eight o'clock and walk to...school. I like...school. It's...fun. My....brother loves...football. He hates...homework. So he doesn't like to go to...school. Will he go to...work in...future?2.My...feiend has to get up early in...morning because he goes to...school. That's why he usually goes to...bed early in...evening.3....weather was very bad in...morning yesterday....sky was grey and it was raining. But in...middle of...day...weather began to change....rain stopped and...sun appeared from behind...clouds. In afternoon it was very warm. I did not want to stay at...home and went into...yard. There were...boys and...girls in...yard. We played in...yard tili late in...evening. When I came...home, I drank...tea, ate...sandwich and went to...bed at once. I slept very well at...night.

Запомните следующие устойчивые словосочетания:

at-shalf past flve    ataquarter past five to gov^home        to comeV home to leavehome forswork (for   school)

Упражнение 17

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.My brother is...pupil. He goes to...school. He goes to...school in...morning. He has five or six...lessdns every day. In...afternoon he goes...home. At...home he does his...homework. In...evening he reads...books. He usually goes to...bed at...half past ten. At...night he sleeps.2.My father goes to...work in...morning and comes...home in...evening.3.Iget up at...half past seven in...morning and go to...bed at...quarter to eleven in...evening.4.When does your mother leave...home for...work?She leaves...home for...work at...quarter past eight.5.When do you leave...home for...school?I leave...home for...school at...half past...eight.6.What do you do when you come...home from...school?I do my...homework, talk to my...friends on...phone and go for...walks. I of-ten listen to...music. I like...jazz best. Sometimes I play...Computergames.

Перед названиями месяцев и дней недели артикль не употребляется.

School begins in ✓September. We rest on ✓Sunday.

Перед порядковыми числительными обычно употребляется определенный артикль.

Our classroom is onthesecond floor. Today isthetenth of May.

Упражнение 18

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.We always go to...Russian Museum on...Sunday.2.On...Saturday she usually goes to...Philharmonie.3.In...August he has his...birth-day. He is planning to have...nice party with his...friends.4.There are three rooms and...kitchen in our new flat.5.My new dress is made of...silk.6.If you want to write something on...blackboard, you must have...piece of...chalk.7.Are there any pupils in...classroom?8.1have...new English book. I find...book quite fascinating.9.There is...garden in...front of our school....garden is not large, but it is very nice.10....May is...fifth month of the year.11....Saturday is...sixth day of the week.12....Sunday is...day off.13.Today is...ninth of...May. Anton has got...new mobile phone. He is going to make...phone call to his...grandfather.14.This is...nice place. In...June we are going there for...holiday. It'll be ... great fun.

Запомнитеследующиеустойчивыесловосочетания:

aftersworkafter ✓ school

from ✓workfrom ✓school

Упражнение 19

Вставьтеартикль,гденеобходимо.

1.This is...classroom....classroom is large and light.2.There is...picture on...wall.3.What is...date today? It is...seventh of...December.4. ...third lesson today is...lesson of English.5.Pete, go to...blackboard.6.After...schoolГusually go...hörne*7.My father always comes from...work late: at eight o'clock or at...half past eight. But on...Friday he comes...home early: at half past four or at...quarter to five. On...Saturday and on...Sunday he does not go to...work.8.My friends live in...small town. It is...new town....streets in...town are broad and straight. There are...beautiful buildings in them....town is very green, and so...air is fresh. There are...beautiful parks and gardens in...town....people like to go there after...work. In...evening you can hear...sounds of...music from...parks. There are...schools,...libraries,...supermarket,...hospital,...theatre,...cinemas,...clinics and...kindergartens in...town.

Запомните следующие устойчивые словосочетания:

to have(соок,make, prepare)./breakfast

lunch ✓"tea ^dinnerssupper

Упражнение20

Вставьтеартикль,гденеобходимо.

Igo to...school in...morning, so I get up early. I usually get up at...quarter past seven. I go to...bathroom, turn on...water and wash my face and hands. My father and mother also get up early in...morning. My mother works in...office. She is...typist. My father is...doctor. He works at...hos-pital. We have...breakfast in...kitchen. We eat...porridge and...eggs. We drink...tea. My father and mother leave...home for...work at...half past eight. My father goes to...hospital, and my mother. goes to...office. I don't leave...home with my parents:...school where I study is near our house. I leave...home for...school at...quarter to nine. My granny stays at...home and cooks...dinner. I have...lunch at...school after...third lesson. My father and mother have...lunch at...work. When we come...home, we have...dinner.

Упражнение21

Вставьтеартикль,гденеобходимо.

1.Every day my husband goes to...work, my son goes to...school and I go to...institute.2.There is...new school at...corner of our street.3.My daughter came...home from...school on...Monday and said to me, "There will be...parents' meeting on...tenth of February at six o'clock in...evening."4....teacher read us...very interesting story at...lesson.5.When...bell rang,...pupils went into...classroom.6.We are usually at...school from nine o'clock in...morn-ing tili two o'clock in...afternoon.7.We don't go to...school on...Sunday.8.We stay at...home and relax. I like to read...books for...relaxation.

Запомните следующие устойчивые словосочетания:

after ✓breakfast

before ✓ breakfast

afterlunch

before ✓ lunch

after ✓tea

before ✓tea

after ✓ dinner

before ✓dinner

aftersupper

before ✓supper

at ✓ breakfast

forbreakfast

at ✓lunch

forlunch

at^tea

for ✓tea

at ✓dinner

for ✓dinner

at ✓supper

forsupper

Упражнение22

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.What do you do after...breakf ast?After...breakfast I go to...school.2.My granny likes to read...book after...lunch.3....people usually have...breakfast in...morning. They have...dinner in... afternoon. In...evening...people have...supper.4.There is a proverb: "After...dinner sleep awhile, after...supper walk...mile."5.Who cooks...dinner in your family?6.Yesterday father told us...very amusing story at...breakfast.7.What did you have for...lunch at...school ön...Wednesday?We had...salad and...tea.8.My mother never has...supper with...f amily because she does not like to eat in...evening.9.When do you clean your teeth in...morning: before...breakfast or after...breakfast?10.1 make...cakes for...tea.

Упражнение 23

Вставьтеартикль,гденеобходимо.

1.For...breakfastIhave...coffee with...milk and...sugar. I have...jam, too. There are...different things on...dinner table. There is...bread,...butter and...ham. There are...cups and...glasses there. There is...jug on...table....milk in...jug is hot. There is...teapot on...table. There is...tea in...teapot....tea is hot, too. There are...plates,...forks and...knives on...table.2....lamp is on...table.3.There is.„lamp on...table.4.Is there...lamp on...table?5.Is...lamp on...table?6.Is there...clock ori...wall?7.There are two...shelves on...wall.

Where are...shelves?— ...shelves are on...wall.

They have...large flat. There are...four rooms in...flat.10.Is...newspaper on...table?11.Is there...newspaper on...table?12.There is...butter on...plate.13.Where is...butter?— ...butter is on...little plate.14.There is...white and...brown bread on...table.15.What time do you usually have...dinner?We eat...dinner at five.16.We often have...fish for...dinner.

Запомните следующее устойчивое словосочетание:to watch ✓TV

Упражнение 24

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.Pete has...small family. He has...father and...mother. He has no...brother, but he has...sister. His sister is...pupil. She is...good girl. She has...many Russian books, but she has no...English books.2.There is...writing desk in...room....writ-ing desk is good. There is...lamp on...writing desk.3.My uncle has...large family. They are six in...family.4.My father is...engineer. He works in...big factory.5.We have...good library. Our books are in...big bookcase.6.Is your...sister married?7.What do you do after...breakfast?I go to...school.8.When do you come...home?I come...home at...half past two.9.Do you like to watch...TV in...evening?10.He watches...television all day. I never do it. I can't watch...TV very often. But tonight I can spend...evening in...front of...box, because there is...very exciting...film on. It is "My Fair Lady" with Rex Harrison and Audrey Hepburn. I love it.11.We bought...new telly last week.12.Is there anything good on...telly tonight?

Упражнение 25

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.My...aunt and my...uncle are...doctors. They work at...hospital. They get up at seven o'clock in...morning. They go to...bed at eleven o'clock.2.Iwork in...morning and in...afternoon. I don't work in...evening. I sleep at...night.3.When do you leave...home for...school?I leave...home at...quarter past eight in...morning.4.What does your mother do after...breakfast?She goes to...work.5.Is there...sofa in your...living room?Yes, there is...cosy little...sofa in...living room.Where is...sofa?It is in...corner of...room to...left of...door. I like to sit on this...sofa in...front of...TV set in...evening.6.There is...nice coffee table near...window. There are...newspapers on...coffee table.7.There is...tea in...cup.8.When do you watch...TV?I watch...TV in...evening. We have...large colour TV set in our...room. There is...beautiful vase on...TV set. There are...flowers in...vase.9.1have...large writing desk in...study. There is...paper on...writing desk. My...books and...exercise books are on...writing desk, too.

Упражнение 26

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

My friend's...flat is very comfortable. There are...three rooms in...flat:...living room,...study and...bedroom....living room is not very large....walls in...living room are blue. There are...pictures on...walls. There is...table in...middle of...room with some chairs around it. To...left of...door there is...sofa. Near...sofa there are...two large armchairs. They are very comfortable. There is...piano in my friend's living room....piano is to...right of...door....bedroom and...study are small....fürniture in...flat is brown.

Если перед существительным стоит вопросительное или относительное местоимение, артикль опускается.

E.g.    What ^"colour is your cat?

I want to know whatsreading.

Упражнение 27

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.What...colour is your new...hat?It's...red.2.Is there...refrigerator in your...kitchen?3.Where is...refrigerator in your...kitchen?It is in...corner of...kitchen.4.There are...flowers in our...living room....flowers are in...beautiful vase.5.I have...tea in my...cup.6.He has no...coffee in his...cup.7.What...book did you borrow from...library on...Tuesday?8.I have...books,...exercise books and...pens in my...bag.9.I am„.engineer. I work in...office. I go to...office in...morning. As...office is far from...house I live in, Itake...bus to get there.10.What...bus do you take to get to...work?11.Whose...pen is this?12.What...colour is your...new...T-shirt?It's...white.13.She is going to...music shop to buy...cassette.What..;cassette is she going to buy?14.That's...man whose...Computerwas stolen last night.15.What...books do you like to read?16.I don't know what...musicyou are listening to.

Упражнение 28

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

Негеis... large window. Through...window we can see...room. Opposite...window there is...door. On...door there is...curtain. In...corner of...room there is...round table. On it we can see...books and...telephone. There is...bookshelf over...table. On...bookshelf we can see...newspapers and...book by...Jack London. There are...two...pictures in...room. One...picture is small,...other picture is very large. There are...two bookcases in...room....bookcases are füll of...books. There is...large sofa in...room. On...sofa we can see...bag. Whose

...bag is that? There isпо ...bed in...room. On...small table near...window there are...flowers arid...glass of...water. In...front of...window we can see...armchair. It is...comfortable...armchair.

Перед названиями наук, учебных предметов и языков1 артикль не употребляется.

Е.д.Неstudieschemistry.IspeakEnglish.

Упражнение 29

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1....English is...world language.2.I study...English: I attend...English classes in...evening. On...days when I have no...classes, I stay at...home and do some work about...house. I have...dinner with my...family. After...dinner I talk to...mem-bers of my...family, watch...TV and read...books,...newspapers and...magazines. I go to...bed late at...night.3.I am thirsty. Give me...water, please.

1Еслипосленазванияязыканестоитсловоlanguage.В противном случае употребляется определенный артикль.E.g. ^Chinese is difficult.

The Chinese language is difficult.

There is...book on...table. Give me...book, please.

I enjoy listening to...music but Idon't really like...music which that man performs on his...guitar.

What did you have for...lunch?I only had...tuna sandwich.7.He is...wonderful...teacher. He teaches...English.8.His...son is planning to get...degree in...Computer science.

Упражнение 30

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.When my grandfather was...young man, he studied...physics.2.Do you speak...Spanish?З.Муuncle is..;great specialist on...English literature.4....Japanese is more difficult than...French.5.We listened to...very interesting lecture on...English history yesterday.6.Yesterday at.;.lesson of...ge-ography...teacher told us...very interesting things about...famous travellers.7.My father speaks...English and...French, but he does not speak...German.8.We had...lesson of...mathematics yesterday. We wrote...paper in...mathematics....teacher said, "I shall correct...papers in...evening. Tomorrow you will know...results".9.My brother is an expert on...geology. He enjoys...beauties of...nature in Siberia.10.My friend is studying...law.

Запомнитеследующиеустойчивыесловосочетания:

to play ✓chess      to playthepiano to play ✓football     to playtheguitar out ofdoors

Упражнение 31

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.Do you play...piano?2.There is...big black piano in our living room. It is at...wall to...left of...door opposite...sideboard. My mother likes to play...piano. She often plays...piano in...evening.3. ...boys like to play...football.4.What do you do in...evening?I often play...chess with my grandfather.5.Where are...children?Oh, they are out of...doors....weather is fine today. They are play-ing...badminton in...yard.6.What...games does your sister like to play?She likes to play...tennis.7.Do you like to play...guitar?8.What...colour is your guitar?9.My...name is Charlie. I come from...pretty big...family. I have two...brothers and...sister. My...sister plays...violin really well and wants to be...professional...musician. She has other...hobbies, too, and she often goes swimming with her...friends if...weather is nice. After...work I like to relax. I play...piano for relaxation. On...Sunday my...brothers and I play...golf if there is...time.

E.g.  What are you doing,schlldren?

Запомните следующие устойчивые словосочетания:

inаloud voice

inasoft voice

inalow voice

inathin voice

inanangry voice

inatrembling voice

inahigh voice

inaweak voice

inakind voice

inа...voice

Упражнение 32

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

It was...hot day....sun was shining brightly in...blue sky....wolf and...lamb met at...stream....water in...stream was cool and clear....wolf saw that...lamb was fat and wanted to eat it. He began to shout, "You,...fool, you are making...water dirty!"...lamb was afraid. It looked at...wolf and said in...thin voice, "But,...Mr Wolf, I cannot make...water dirty for you from...place where Iam standing, because...stream runs from you to me." "Stop talking!" shouted...wolf in...angry voice. "Iknow you! I met you six months ago, and you were very rude to me." "You are wrong,...Mr Wolf," cried...lamb, "you could not have met me six months ago: I am only four...months old." "Never mind," said...wolf, "if it wasn't you, it was your brother." And with these...words he seized...poor lamb and car-ried it into...wood.

Запомните, что перед превосходной степенью прилагательных употребляется определенный артикль:

Е.д.Asia isthelargest continent.

My brother isthebest pupil in his class.

Упражнение33

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.Bill Robins was...very rieh man. He was...richest man in...village.2.Pete is...tallest boy in our class. Nick is...shortest boy, but he is very...strong. He is...stronger than many boys who are...taller than he. I think Nick is...strongest boy in...class.3.Granny often teils us...long stories. Today her story was still...longer. It was...longest story. She began telling it after...dinner and finished only before...supper. But...story was very interesting. I think it was...most interesting of Granny's stories.

Which was...most difficult exercise in...paper?

Which is...best season of the year?6.February is...shortest month of the year.7.Do you know...longest river in our country?8.In...May...days are...longer than in...April.9.He is...most intelligent person I know.

Запомните правила употребления артикля с географическими названиями:

Определенный артикль употребляется перед названиями рек, каналов, морей, заливов, проливов, океанов, архипелагов, горных цепей.

Артикль не употребляется перед названиями озер1,отдельных горных вершин,отдельных островов, городов (но:The Hague),штатов или провинций, стран, континентов.

Исключения:

theUnited States of AmericatheUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and

theNetherlandstheUkraine

Northern IrelandtheCongotheCrimea

Упражнение34

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1 Если перед названием озера стоит словоLake.В противном случае употребляется определенный артикль.E.g.LakeOntario.TheOntario.

1. ...Moscow is situated on...Moscow River....Moscow is a river that moves very slowly. There is...canal called...Moscow-Volga Canal which joins...Moscow to...Volga....Volga runs into...Caspian Sea.2.Several rivers run into...sea at...New York....most important is...Hudson River which empties into...Atlantic Ocean. Besides...Hudson there are...two other rivers:...East River ahd...Harlem River. 3.1n...Siberia there are many long rivers:...Ob,...Irtysh,...Yenissei,...Lena and...Amur.4. ...Altai Mountains are...higher than...Urals.5.There is...splendid...view of...Lake Geneva from this hotel.6.My...friends have travelled a lot. This...year they are going to fly to...Canary Islands.7.Which river flows through...London?— ...Thames.8.Of which country is...Washington...capital?— ...United States.9....United Kingdom consists of...Great Britain and...Northern Ireland.10. ...Chicago is on...Lake Michigan.

Упражнение35

Вставьтеартикль,гденеобходимо.

...Veliky Novgorod is...most important city of...North-Western Russia and...administrative centre of...Novgorod Oblast....city lies along...Volkhov River just below its...outflow from...Lake Urnen.

...Novgorod was...second main city after...Kiev in...Russia in the mid centuries. It was...rieh and powerful city, and...State of Novgorod was as large as...present Sweden. Its...power was based on...international trade....Novgorod was...main Rus-sian port for many centuries and was important for...Baltic sea trade.

Nowdays,...Veliky Novgorod is ...small, calm town in the provinces, with...splendid old Russian architecture,...interesting museums,...fresh air, many trees, and...nice and helpful people. I like this...town very much. I like...people there.

1The Russian Primary Chronicles— «Повестивременныхлет».

In2009,...Novgorod marked1150...years since it was first mentioned in859in...most ancient national texts— ...Russian Primary Chronicles1....event was granted...national status and was organ-ized with...partieipation of...Russian President and...Federal Government....celebration lasted for...whole week....Programme was filled with...Performances,...exhibitions, and...fairs....fireworks and laser show brought...huge crowds to...Volkhov River on...Saturday and...Sunday nights....skydiv-ers and...show by vintage planes graced...skies Over...river area on...Sunday. Many of these events were covered by...news media and shown on...TV.

Запомнитеследующиеустойчивыесловосочетания:

inthenorth inthesouth intheeast inthewest

tothenorth tothesouth totheeast tothewest

Упражнение 36

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1....Thames is...short river.2....Russia is washedby...Arctic Ocean in...north.3.Kiev is to...south of...Moscow.4....Europe is...continent.5....Moscow is...capital of...Russia.6;Is...Asia...island or...continent?7....Black Sea is in...south of our country.8....White Sea is in...north of our country.9....Philippines are situated to...southeast of...Asia.10.This is...map of...world. Can you read...maps? What can you see on...map? What...colour are...Valleyson...map?11.Petrov is...architect. He is...experienced architect. He is in...Far East. He has...beautiful wife. His wife is...dentist. They have...son and...daughter.

Упражнение 37

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1....Neva flows into...Gulf of...Finland.2. ...Pacific Ocean is very deep.3....Urals are not very high.4. ...Elbrus is...highest peak of...Caucasus; but it's...highest mountain in...Europe too.5. ...Alps are covered with...snow.6. ...Shetland Islands are situated to...north~of...Great Britain.7.Is...Canada...largest country in...America?8....Crimea is washed by...Black Sea.9. ...Lake Baikal is...deepest lake in...world.10.Is...Paris...capital of...France? ll.Lomonosov was born in...small village on...shore of...White Sea.12.Gogol was born in...Ukraine in1809. 13....Caucasus separates...Black Sea from...Caspian Sea.14. ...Europe and...America are separated by...Atlantic Ocean.15....Baltic Sea is stormy in winter.16.There are many small islands in...Pacific Ocean.17. ...North Sea separates...British Isles from...Europe.18. ...Balkans are old mountains.19. ...Nile flows across...northeastern part of...Africa to...Mediterranean Sea.20.Which are...highest mountains in...Russia?21.When was she in... USA?22.When was he in...Ethiopia?

Упражнение 38

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. ...Russia occupies...eastern half of...Europe and...northern third of...Asia.2. ...climate of...northern part of...Russia is severe.3.This winter is...true Russian winter with...hard frosts.4.It is warm in...Crimea and...Caucasus.5. ...Washington is...capital of...United States of America. 6.1want to go to...New York some day.7. ...best way to know and understand...people of...other countries is to meet them in their own homes.8.Is...Australia...island or...continent?9. ...Red Sea is between...Africa and...Asia.10. ...France is to...north of...Italy....Paris is...capital of...France.11.There are seven continents on...Earth.

Упражнение39

Вставьтеартикль,гденеобходимо.

... XXIOlympic Winter Games were...major international sport event held on...February12-28, 2010,in...Vancouver,...British Columbia,...Canada. Approximately2,600 ...athletes from82 ...nations participated in86 ...events in fifteen...disciplines.... 2010Winter Olympics were...third Olympics hosted by...Canada, and...first by...prov-ince of...British Columbia. Previously,...Canada hosted... 1976Summer Olympics in...Montreal,...Quebec and... 1988Winter Olympics in...Calgary,...Alberta. For...first time,...Canada won...gold at...Olympic Games hosted at...home. With14, ...Canada broke...record for...most goldmedalswon at...SingleWinterOlympics,which was13,set by...former Soviet Union in1976and...Norway in2002. ...United States won...mostmedalsin total and broke...record for...most medals won at...Single Winter Olympics, with37,which was held by...Germany in2002at36 ...medals....athletes from...Slovakia and...Belorussia won...first Winter Olympic gold medals for their...nations.

Упражнение 40

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.This is...реп.It is...goodреп. ...репis black. It is on...table.2.I have got...dog....dog's name is Spot. He is...big grey dog....dog is very strong.3.My friend has...sister. Her name is Ann....girl is...pupil.4.We have...picture in...living room....picture is really very fine. It is on...wall.5. ...Irish Sea is between...Great Britain and...Ireland.

There is...map on...wall of...classroom. It is...map of...world. There are many seas and lakes on...map. This is...Mediterranean Sea and that is...Red Sea. These are...Himalayas. They are...highest mountains in...world....Everest, which is8848metres high, is...highest mountain in...world.

We live in...St Petersburg....St Petersburg is...very large city. It is one of...largest cities in...Russia.8.My brother is...programmer. His flat is in...centre of...city. It is in...large building. There are three rooms in...flat....living room is..largest of all. It is...nice light room. There are...beautiful pictures on...walls. There is...large oval mirror over...fireplace. There is...round table in...middle of...room. There is...sofa at...wall with...large thick carpet in...front of it....study and...bedroom are small, but very comfortable.

Запомнитеследующиеустойчивыесловосочетания:to have a good time from ✓ morning tili ✓night all ✓day long a lot of

Упражнение 41

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.Did you have...good time in the country?Oh, yes....weather was fine. We were out of...doors from...morning tili...night. We played...football,...Volleyballand...other games. We came...home late at...night and went to...bed at once.2.Look at...clock! It is...quarter past ten. Go to...bed at once.3. ...sun rises in...east and sets in...

west.4.We spent last summer in...Ukraine, in...little village on...bank of...big river with...very warm water. There was...wood on...other side of...river. We often went to...wood and gathered...lot of...mushrooms.5.My friend likes to play...chess. He is ready to play...chess all...day long. He is...best chess play er in our school.

Перед названиями университетов артикль не употребляется.

• Е.д.Ishall study at ✓St Petersburg University. My grandfather graduated from ✓Oxford University.

Упражнение 42

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.Teckle comes from...very old country on...Nile. It is called...Ethiopia....Ethiopia is...beautiful mountainous country. Teckle is...young man. He wants to become...engineer. He is very happy to be...student of...St Petersburg University. He spends...lot of time at...library reading and study-ing different subjects. Very often in..;evening his. new friends and he walk around...city talking about their native countries.2.Galina lives in...Ukraine. She lives in...small village near...Odessa. She is...librarian. She always has...lot of...work. Galina wants to enter...Moscow University and now she is preparing for...entrance exams.3.My friend lives in...America. He is...student. He studies...history at...Harvard" University.4.Every year, thousands of...students come to...Cambridge from overseas to study...English. Ilse,...German student, graduated from...Cambridge University two...years ago. What...talented girl!

Артикль не употребляется с именами собственными, а также в том случае, если они стоят с существительными, обозначающими звания или титулы.

E.g. Queen AnneKing Lear

Professor Higgins  General Washington

Артикльнеупотребляетсяссуществительными,стоящимипослеглаголовto appoint, to elect, to make, to crown, to become.

E.g. They appointed him secretary of the new

Committee. He was elected chairman. They .made him President. They crowned him klng.

Упражнение43

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

Games Gordon Brown was...Prime Minister of...United Kingdom and Leader of...Labour Party. Brown became...Prime Minister in...June2007,after...Blair's resignation. Immediately before this he had served as...Chancellor of...Exchequer in...Labour government from1997to2007.

Brown has...PhD in...history from...University of...Edinburgh and spent his...early career working as...television Journalist. He has been...Member of...Parliament since1983.As...Prime Minister, he also held...Officesof First Lord of...Treasure and...Minister for...Civil Service.

After...initial rise in...opinion polls, Brown's time as...Prime Minister saw his...approvalTatings fall and...Labour Party suffered its...worst local election results in40years. On11May2010,Brown officially resigned as...Prime Minister and leader of...Labour Party. He was succeeded as...Prime Minister by David Cameron. At...age of43,Cameron became...youngest. British Prime Minister and Leader of...Conservative Party.

Упражнение44

Вставьтеартикль,гденеобходимо.

ВагаскHussein Obama1 is...44th President of...United States. He is...first African American to hold...office.

With...father from...Kenya and...mother from...Kansas,...President Obama was born in...Hawaii on August4, 1961.He was raised with help from his...grandfather, who served in...army, and his...grandmother, who worked her way up from...typing pool to...middle management at...bank.

Obama is...graduate of...Columbia University and...Harvard Law School, where he was...President of the Harvard Law Review. He was...CommunityOrganizer in...Chicago before earning his...law degree. He worked as...civil rights attorney in...Chicago and taught...constitutional law at...University of...Chicago Law School, from1992to2004.

Obama served three...terms in...Illinois State Senate from1997to2004.He cut...taxes for...working families, and expanded...health care for...children and their...parents. He won election to...United States Senate in November2004.

1Barack Hussein Obama[Ьэ'га:кhu:semэи'Ьа:тэ].

Obama served as...junior United States Senator from...Illinois, from...January2005until he resigned after his...election to...presidency in November2008.He was elected...44th President of...United States on...November4, 2008,and sworn in on...January20, 2009.Obama is also... 2009Nobel Peace Prize laureate. He and his wife, Michelle, are...proud parents of two...daughters, Malia,10,and Sasha,7.

Упражнение 45

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

When we want to write...letter, we take...piece of...paper and...pen. We first write our...address and.;.date in...right-hand corner. We leave three...blank lines between...date and...body of...letter. Then on...left-hand side we write...greeting. We may write, for instance, "My dear brother," "Dear Henry," etc., and then on...next line we begin...body of...letter. We must not forget to leave...margin on...left-hand side of...page. At...end of...letter we write "Yours," and then we sign our name. We put...letter in...envelope and close...envelope. On...en-velope we write...name and address of...person who will receive it. We stick...stamp in...top right-hand corner, and then we post...letter.

Запомните следующее устойчивое словосочетание:What'stheuse?

Упражнение 46

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

Once there lived...man who was very fond of...gold. He used to say, "While I have my gold, I am...happiest man in...world." And so all his life he saved...money. One day he was travelling in...desert of...North Africa. He lost his way. He had no...food or...water. He was almost dying of...hunger. He was so weak that he could not walk, he could only crawl....heat was terrible. There were only...stones and...sand around. Just then he saw...bag lying on...sand. He hoped that he would find...food in it and.... water, too. He crawled up to...

bag and opened it. He saw that...bag was füll of...gold. What is...use of...gold to...hungry man in...desert? He left...bag on...hot sand, crying bitterly, "I am...most unhappy man in...world."

Запомнитеследующиеустойчивыесловосочетания:

tothecinema tothetheatre totheShop tothemarket

atthecinema atthetheatre attheshop atthemarket

to go for a walk

Упражнение 47

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.Let's go to...shop. I must buy...bread and...milk.2.I was at...cinema yesterday.What...film did you see?Oh, I saw...very good film. I think it is...best film of...year.3.Do you often go to...theatre?No, I don't. I like to go to...theatre, but I am very busy. I work from...morning tili...night. I even have no...time to play...piano.

Oleg has...lot of...interesting books at...home.

...lot of...tourists from...different countries come to...St Petersburg. They want to see one of...most beautiful cities in...world.6.My new friend said to me, "I am...first-year student at Harvard."7.We went to...cinema in...evening.8.What...foreign languages does your father speak?He speaks...English. He studied...English at...school.9.I am interested in...biology.10.We played...tennis at...lesson of...physical training yesterday. We had...good time.11.Did you go for...walk yesterday?No, we didn't....weather was bad, and we went to...cinema.12.What are your friends doing?Mary is playing...piano. Tom and Nick are playing...chess.13.Do you go to...to market to buy...fish and fruit?14.I usually buy all my...vegetables at...market.

Упражнение 48

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

Three men came to...New York for...holiday. They came to...very large hotel and took...room there. Their room was on...forty-fifth floor. In...evening...friends went to...theatre and came back to...hotel very late. "I am very sorry," said...clerk of...hotel, "but...lifts do not work tonight. If you don't want to walk up to your room, we shall make...beds for you in...hall." "No, no," said one of...friends, "no, thank you. We don't want to sleep in...hall. We shall walk up to our room." Then he turned to his friends and said, "It is not easy to walk up to...forty-fifth floor, but we shall make it easier. On...way to...room I shall teil you some jokes; then you, Andy, will sing us some songs; then you, Peter, will teil us some interesting stories." So they began Walking up to their room. Tom told them many jokes; Andy sang some songs. At last they came to...thirty-sixth floor. They were tired and decided to have...rest. "Well," said Tom, "now it is your turn, Peter. After all...jokes, I would like to hear...sad story. Teil us...long and interesting story with...sad end.""...story which I am going to teil you," said Peter, "is sad enough. We left...key to our room in...hall."

Запомнитеследующиеконструкции:

The famous EnglishwriterDickenslivedin the 19thCentury.

Dickens, a famous Englishwriter, livedin the 19thCentury.

Запомните следующие устойчивые словосочетания:

on ^horseback on ✓boardаship

Упражнение49

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

Swift,...famous English writer, was travelling one day on...horseback with his servant....weather was bad, it was raining, and...roads were muddy. In...evening the two1 men came to...inn. Before going to...bed Swift told his servant to clean his boots. But...servant was lazy and did not do it. In...morning Swift asked...servant why he had not cleaned...boots. "What's...use cleaning...boots now?" said...servant."...roads are muddy, and...boots will soon be dirty again." "All right," said...writer. "Let's go. We must continue...journey." "But I haven't had...breakfast," said...displeased servant. "Well, what's...use giving you...breakfast now?" said Swift. "You will soon be hungry again."

Запомните следующие устойчивые словосочетания:

in ^factthesame

Запомните употребление артикля в восклицательных предложениях, начинающихся со словаwhat:

1 Обратите внимание на употребление определенного артикля перед количественным числительным. В этом случае определенный артикль имеет значениеэти; эти двое мужчин; эти два человека.

WhatаWhat a day!What a pity!

Упражнение 50

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

In...small town in...East there once was...man who had...parrot....parrotwastaught to say...words, "There is no doubt about it." It used to re-peat these words all...day long. Every time it was asked...question, it gave...same answer, "There is no doubt about it." One day...man decided to seil...bird; so he put...parrot into...cage and went to...market with it. "Twenty pounds for...very clever parrot!" he cried....man who was passing by heard this and turned to...parrot. "Are you worth twenty pounds?" he asked. "There is no doubt about it!" answered...parrot. "What...clever parrot!" said...man and bought...bird. He took...parrot home and invited his friends to look at...clever bird....friends came and looked at...parrot and talked to it. Now you must know that...man was not rieh. In...fact, he was often short of...money. So...week or two later, sitting in...armchair and looking at...parrot, he said, "What...fool I was to throw away such...lot of...money!" "There is no doubt about it!" cried...parrot. And this time...bird was right.

Упражнение 51

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

...train stopped at...little Station....passenger looked out of the window of...train carriage and saw...woman selling...cakes....man had not had...breakfast in...morning. He was hungry and wanted to buy...cake....woman was standingrather far from...carriage....man did not want to go and buy...cakehimselfbecause he wasafraid tomiss...train. He saw...boy who wasWalking along...platform near...carriage.Неcalled...boy and asked him, "How much does...cake cost?" "Threepence, sir," an-swered...boy....man gave him a sixpence and said, "Bring me...cake, and with...other threepence buy...cake for yourself." ...boy took...money and went to...woman. A few minutes later...boy returned. He was eating...cake. He gave...man threepence change and said,"...woman had only one cake, sir."

Запомнитеследующиеустойчивыесловосочетания:

it'sshigh time     to take ^care of to takev^aim       suchа ...

Упражнение 52

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

...crow once said to her children, "It's...high time for you to look for...food." With these words she turned them out of...nest and took them to...field. But...crow's children did not like...idea. "We'd rather go back to...nest," they cried. "It's so nice when you bring...food to us!" "Indeed!" said their mother. "You are big enough to feed your-selves. My mother turned me out of...nest when I was much younger, and I had to take...care of myself.""But...people will kill us with their guns," said...young crows. "No...fear of that," answered their mother. "Before...people shoot, they take...aim, and that takes...time. When you see...man raising...gün to his face, you must just fly away." "That's...simple thing to do," said...children, "but supposing...man or...boy wants to throw...stone at us: in such...case he won't have to take...aim." "Well, then he will have to bend down to pick up...stone," said...crow. "But what if he carries...stone in his hand ready?" "Why, if you are clever enough to think of that," said...mother, "you are clever enough to take...care of yourselves." And she flew away leaving...young crows in...field.

Упражнение53

Вставьтеартикль,гденеобходимо.

...Russia is such...large country that when it is night in one part of...country, it is day in another part, when it is winter in one part of...country, it is already summer in another. Imagine it is...beginning of...May now. It is spring in...St Petersburg....weather is fine. It is still cool at...night, but it is quite warm in...afternoon. It some-times rains, but...rain is warm, too....ground is covered with...soft green grass, änd...trees are covered with...green leaves. But while it is spring in St Petersburg, it is still winter in...north of our country at...beginning of...May. Here it is cold and sometimes frosty,...rivers and...seas are covered with...ice....ice does not melt in some places even in summer....ground is covered with...deep snow. In...south of our country...weather is quite differ-ent. It is already summer in...Caucasus. It is much warmer than in St Petersburg. It is sometimes even hot....sky is usually cloudless and it seldom rains here. People wear...summer clothes. They enjoy gardening. You should see their...gardens in...summertimethey are beautiful.

Упражнение54

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.Is this...interesting book? Is this...very interesting book? Is this...very interesting book you have spoken about so much? It is such...interesting book. Is it...same book you have recommended to us?2.She is...teacher. She is...good teacher. She is...teacher of our school. She is...teacher of...English. Here is...teacher, ask her about...questions which interest you.3.There is...word in...text which I cannot understand. There is...very difficult word, too, which I cannot pronounce. Here is...word I was looking up in the dictionary. This word is...adverb.4. ...first men were vegetarians. ö.Serfdom was abol-ished in...Russia in...19th Century.6.Columbus, who discovered...America, was...native of...Genoa.7. ...Rome is...ancient town.8. ...Ireland,...Scot-land and...Wales are parts of...United Kingdom.9.What is...name of...ocean between...America and...Asia?— ...Pacific.10.Last summer I visited...Switzerland and...Germany.11. ...Amsterdam is...capital of...Netherlands....Hague is...city of...Netherlands where that country's...government is based.12.It was such...shock.13.It's...Tiigh time to take...break.

Упражнение55

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

Once there lived...king. His name was Midas. He had...little daughter. They lived in...beautiful palace with...wonderful garden around it. Now...king was very fond of...gold. He loved...gold more than anything eise in...world. One day, when...king was looking at his gold,...young man appeared before him. "You are...very rieh man, Midas," said...young man. "Yes," said...king, "but I would like to be richer. I would like to have...golden touch. I want everything that I touch to turn into...gold."...young man was...magician, and he gave...king...golden touch which he wanted to have....king was very happy. He touched...table, and...table became gold. He went into...garden. There were...beautiful roses in... garden. He touched...roses, and they also became gold....king's daughter, who loved...roses very much, saw it and began to cry. "Don't cry,...dear daughter," said...king and touched his daughter's head....next moment...girl turned into...beautiful gold statue.

Запомните следующее устойчивое словосочетание:Thefact is (was) that...

Обратите внимание на употребление артикля со словомотлег(другой):

anotherдругой (неопределенный), какой-то другой, еще один(во множественном числе или перед неисчис-ляемым существительным —other);

theotherдругой (определенный), тот другой, другой из двух.

Упражнение 56

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

...group of...farmers were sitting in...village house, and among...other things they began talking about...echoes. One of...farmers said that there was...wonderful echo in...field near his farm where there was...large group of...trees. All...other farmers said that they would like to hear...echo, and...farmer invited them to come...next after-noon. But...fact was that...farmer did not really have...echo he had told...other farmers about. So when he came...home, he sent for...son of...cook and told him to go to...field, hide himself among...trees and imitate everything that was said....next day...other farmers came, and...farmer took them to...field to listen to...wonderful echo. When they were in...field, he shouted at...top of his voice, "Are you there?" The answer came back, "Yes, I've been here for two hours!"

Упражнение 57

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

It was...nice summer day....weather was fine,...sun was shining in...blue sky,...air was fra-grant with...smell of...grass and...flowers....dog which was running about...streets of...little town saw...butcher's...stall with...lot of...meat....dog cautiously approached...stall and, when...butcher turned away to talk to...woman, quickly seized...big piece of...meat and ran away with it. On...way home...dog had to cross...stream by...narrow bridge. As he was crossing, he looked down into...stream and saw his reflection in...water. He thought it was...other dog with...other piece of...meat. He snapped at...reflection and dropped his own piece of...meat. That's how...dog was punished for...greediness.

Запомните следующие устойчивые словосочетания:

atVsunrise

at ✓ sunset

inthecountry

in ✓town

tothecountry

to ✓town

by^bus    by^tram

by_^train    by^car

Упражнение 58

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

On...Sunday our family went to...country. We got up at...sunrise and quickly had...breakfast.

After...breakfast we left...home. There is...little village not far from...St Petersburg where we have...friends. We went there by...train. We all had...great time in...country....weather was nice,...sky was blue and...sun was shining. We stayed out of...doors all...day long. We played...Volleyball and...tennis. At...sunset we stopped playing. There was...beautiful red and golden sunset that...evening. We sat watching...sunset. So we returned to...town late in...evening. When we came...home, we had...supper and went to...bed at once.

Запомнитеследующиеустойчивыесловосочетания:

inspring in ^ summer ins_autumn inswinter

Упражнение59

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.Look at...sky. It is covered with...dark clouds. Let's hurry...home.2.It was very pleasant to live in...country in...summer....weather was nice and it seldom rained. Summer is...fine season.3.How lovely...night is! There are no...clouds in...sky and...air is so fresh.4.When spring comes,...sun shines brighter,...snow melts,...days become longer.5.Winter is...good time for sports.6.On...Sunday my friend and I usually go to...country. We ski, skate, play...snowballs and have...very good time.7. ...fog is so dense that it is difficult to walk.8.My friend is...very good chess player.9.In...summer we lived in...country and went up to...town by...train.10.Tomorrow is...Sunday. If it is too hot in...town, we shall go to...country. And on...Monday we shall come back.11.Autumn is...most beautiful...season of...year.12.Winter isn't...depressing season.

Упражнение 60

Вставьтеартикль,гденеобходимо.

Last Tuesday...evening, when...whole family was at...home,...burglar came into...house and stole$500!When we discovered...theft, we called...police. Because...burglar's...shoes were wet and dirty,...detective could follow his...footprints. Here is what...burglar did. He broke in through...front door. It was locked, so he broke...lock. Dad was reading...newspaper in...study near...front door. He was facing...big window, so he didn't see...man, and because he was also listening to...loud...music, he didn't hear him. It was raining and there was...thunder, so there was...lot of...noise outside, too....burglar crossed...hall to...kitchen. Mum was making...pot of...tea, so he didn't go into...kitchen....man went back across...hall and looked into...dining room. No one was in there. He looked through all...drawers and found$300.But this wasn't enough. He came out of...dining room and went upstairs. Tom was doing his...homework in his...bedroom and listening to his...Walkman....burglar went past Tom's...room. Sally was tak-ing...shower and singing at...top of her...lungs. He went into...TV room. He opened everything but found nothing. Then he left...TV room, went back down...stairs and into...kitchen. Mum was sitting in...Irving room with Dad....burglar was very quiet! He found$200in...old...teapot on...top shelf of...left kitchen cupboard. Then...man went out through...French window in...dining room. It wasn't locked, so it was easy to get out....police couldn't believe it! We never heard...burglar!

Упражнение 61

Вставьтеартикль,гденеобходимо.

1.My brother read toте ...extract from...book which he had brought...day before....main char-acter of...book is...young doctor who went to...distant village in...Siberia.2....weather was very bad in...October. We didn't enjoy...very cool autumn last year.3.When he came into...room, he saw...man sitting on...sofa. He at once remembered that it was...man he had seen at...theatre...night before.

Yesterday I saw...film you are speaking about.

He took...taxi and gave...address\o...driver.

Tower Bridge is...first bridge over...Thames Coming from...sea. Built in1894,it is...Suspension bridge....central portion of it can be opened to admit...ships to...docks in this part of...river. When...ship arrives,...traffic is stopped and...great bridge opens in...centre: its two halves go up into...air and...ship passes through.

Запомните следующие устойчивые словосочетания:

It wasmorning.    It wasevening. It wasdaytime.     It wasnight.

Упражнение 62

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

Once...Frenchman was travelling in...Sweden. He stopped at...hotel in...little Swedish town. It was...evening,...man was tired, so he went to...bed at once. In...morning he had...breakfast in...hotel restaurant. After...breakfast he went for...walk. He walked along...streets of...town, visited...museum and...shops. Presently he feit hungry and dropped into...cafe for...lunch. He sat down at...table, called...waiter and ordered...mushrooms. But...Frenchman did not know...Swedish and...waiter did not know...French. Nobody in...cafe could speak...French. Then...Frenchman took...piece of...paper and...pencil and drew the picture of...mushroom....waiter looked at...picture and left...room at once. Five minutes later he returned with...umbrella. What...funny story!

Запомните следующие устойчивые словосочетания:afterаwhite from£place to   place

Упражнение 63

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

...guide was once showing...group of...rieh American tourists...places of...interest in...little town in...south of...Italy. He took...tourists from...place to...place, but as...town was small, after...while...guide could not think of anything that might be of...interest to...Americans. "Teil us something unusual about...weather or...climate of this place," said...American lady to...guide. "WhatсапI teil her about our climate?" thought...guide. Then he had...idea. "Well," he said, "there is one unusual thing about our climate. One can easily notice that the wind here always blows from...west." "Really?" said...lady in...surprised tone, "What...interest-ing thing!" But...other tourist said, "You must be wrong. Look!...wind is blowing from...east now!" At...first moment...guide did not know what to say. But he was...clever man and soon found...way out. "Oh," he said, "is that so? Well, then it must be...west windComingback."

Упражнение 64

Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

...English king Richard the Lionheart was...tall, strong man. He was very proud of his strength and liked to show...people how strong he was. Once, as he was riding on...horseback in...countryside, his horse lost...shoe. Luckily he was not far from...village and soon he found...blacksmith. "Give me...good horseshoe," he said to...man....blacksmith gave...king...horseshoe. Richard took it in his hand and broke it in two. "This horseshoe is no good," he said, "give me...better one."...blacksmith did not say...word. He gave...king...other horseshoe, but Richard broke it, too. The blacksmith gave him a third shoe. This time Richard was satisfied and ordered...blacksmith to shoe his horse. When...work was done, Richard offered...man...coin....blacksmith took...coin between his fingers and broke it in two. Now it was Richard's turn to be surprised. He took...larger coin out of his pocket and handed it to...blacksmith....man broke it, too, saying, "This coin is no good, give me...better one." Richard smiled and gave...man...gold coin.

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Упражнение 65

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In...fifteenth Century...people knew only three continents:...Europe,...Asia and...Africa. They knew nothing about such...big continent as...

America....man who discovered...America was born in1451in...Italy. His name was Christopher Columbus. He became...sailor at...early age. Know-ing that...Earth was round, he decided to reach...India sailing to...west. He tried to arrange...expedi-tion, but did not have...money, and nobody wanted to help him. At last...king of...Spain gave him...money for...expedition. He set...sail in1492. ...voyage was very dangerous and difficult. On...12th of...October his ship reached...land. When they landed, they saw...stränge trees and...flowers....olive-skinned men and...women gathered around...sailors and looked at them with...great surprise. Columbus was sure that he had discovered...new way to...India. Some time later...other sailor reached...America....name of...sailor was Amerigo Vespucci. He understood that it was...new continent.

Упражнение66

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1.He's looking for...piainshirt,but all...Shirtsare striped.2.Fm looking for...pair of...black pants.3.She's looking for...blouse. Polka-dot...blouses are very populärthis...summer.4.1 bought...new hat yesterday....shop assistant said it was...latest style.5.1 want to ask you to accompany me to...shop. I must buy...dress.6.Where did you buythisovercoat?I bought it at...big störe in Nevsky Prospect on...Tuesday.7.My sister bought...blue hat on...Wednesday....colour suits her very nicely as she has got...blue eyes.8.I must buy...pair of...new gloves.9.Where is...shoe department?It is on...third floor.10.I think...coat is a little tight.11.We came to...big tailor's shop to find out if we could have...business suit made to order.

12. Idon't like...hat you have chosen....colour is not becoming to you.13.Here is...department of ready-made clothes. Let's go in and see if we can buy...nice pair of...trousers for you.14.I am going to give him...silk tie as...birthday present. He likes

Упражнение 67

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1.Everyone in our country knows Lomonosov,...founder of...first Russian university.2.Nekrasov,...famous Russian poet, described...life of...Russian peasants.3.1 don't want to miss...concert wjiich will take place at...Philharmonie on...15th of...April.4.He graduated from...university of...London six years ago. Now he is...scientist. And though he is...young scientist, his name is well known.5.My aunt is...teacher of...physics.6.Yesterday I read...book by Dickens,...famous English writer.7.I am sorry, I don't know...way to...nearest cafe. I am...stranger here myself. 8. ...town I was born in is on...Volga.9.Who is«.author of this book?10. ...quarter of...hour was left before...beginning of...concert. We entered...hall and saw...group of...pupils of our school. We joined them.

Упражнение 68

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1.Düring...vacationIattended some interesting lectures. I remember two of...lectures best of all. They were about...Russian music.2.I am sure he won't stay in...town for...vacation.3.Two weeks are left before...end of...school year....examina-tions are Coming. On...first of...June we shall take

...exam in...literature.4.Today isтуday off. Iam going to spend...day in...country.5.My brother brought...new book yesterday. When I looked at...title, I was very glad: it was...book which I had wanted to get for...long time.6.My sister is ac-quainted with...actor who played...leading part in...play you saw yesterday.7.What...river is...long-est in...Europe?Why, what...stränge question to ask! Any schoolboy can teil you that it is...Volga.8.I am afraid you will have...lot of...trouble with this business.9. ...day was not bright yesterday....sky was covered with...clouds.10.What...pity! I can't come to...party tonight.

Упражнение 69

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Iknew...man who had travelled very much in his life. He had visited many...countries in...east and in...west. He loved...children and often told them...interesting stories. I remember some of...stories which he told me. One of...stories was about...ad-venture he had had in...London. He was...young man at that time and was interested in...history of...architecture. One day he visited one of...towers of...Houses of...Parliament. He came out on to...balcony of...towerand began to look at...Ornamentson...walls. Then he climbed up on...roof.Suddenly...man came running to him and seized him by...arm. He began shouting something in...English, but my friend knew only a few words of...English and did not understand him....Englishman called...policeman....fact was that hethought that...Rus-sian tourist wanted to kill himself by jumping from...top of...tower. Later, when everything became clear, they laughed...lot over it.

Упражнение 70

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One...day...father and his...rieh...family took his...son on...trip to...country with...firm...purpose of showing him how poor...people can be. They spent...day and...night at...farm of...very poor family. When they returned from their...trip,...father asked his...son, "How was...trip?" "Very good, Dad!" "Did you see how poor...people can be?"...father asked. "Yeah!" "And what did you learn?"...son replied: "I saw that we have...dog at...home, and they have four. We have...pool that reaches to...middle of...garden; they have...river that has no...end. We have...imported lamps in...garden; they have...stars. Our...patio reaches to...front yard; they have...whole horizon." When...little boy finished speaking, his...father was speechless. His...son added, "Thanks, Dad, for showing me how poor we are."

Упражнение 71

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...room in which...boys were fed was...large stone hall, with...copper at one end, out of which...cook took...gruel which he put into each bowl at...mealtimes. Each boy had one portion of...gruel, and no nlore, and on...Sundays they had two ounces and...quarter of...bread besides....bowls never needed washing— ...boys polished them with their spoons tili they shone again. At last...boys got so wild with...hunger that one boy said he was afraid he would some night eat...boy who slept next to him....boys believed him....Council was held. Oliver was chosen to go up to...cook that evening after...supper and ask for more....evening arrived, and...boys took their places....cook stood at...copper....gruel was served out and disappeared. Then Oliver rose from...table and advancing to...cook, said in...weak voice, "Please, sir, I want some more."...cook was...healthy man, but he turned pale. "What?" said he in...trembling voice....man could not believe his ears.

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Упражнение 72

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Many years ago...London theatre performed...play inwhichthere was...great storm on the sea. In those days...theatres had no...machines.That is why...manager engaged...several boys to make...waves of...sea. They jumped up and down under...big piece of...sea-green cloth....boys received...Shilling...night for their work. They worked for...several weeks. But then...manager decided to pay them less...moneyonly sixpence...night. So...boys decided to go on...strike. Düring...Performance, when...storm began, when...wind blew and it was raining,...sea remained calmthere was not...Singlewave on it....angry managerlifted one corner of..."sea" and said to...boys, "Make...waves,...boys, make...waves!" "Do you want...waves for...Shillingor for sixpence?" asked...boy in...loud voice. "Oh, for...Shilling,"answered...manager....boys began to jump up and down, and did it so well, that...storm looked quite real.

Запомните следующее устойчивое словосочетание:therest ofthe...

Упражнение73

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In the old days it was necessary for all...parts of...city to be close together, in order that...defensive wall might Surround it, and...streets, therefore, were made as narrow as possible. Many...European cities began with...walls round them. But in...America there was little need for...defensive walls, and that's why many...American cities have been built on...regulär plan, modified a little according to...natural surroundings....streets in...American cities, instead of having...names, are numbered, and so when one has once understood...plan of...American city, it is very easy to find one's way from one part of it to...other....old part of...New York lies in...southern half of...Manhattan Island, and there...streets are narrow and twisted, as in...towns of...Old World. But...rest of...streets, with but few exceptions, all run in...straight lines. There is one street in...city, however, that does not follow...straight line. And that is Broadway,...New York's most famous street. It Starts within sight of...dancing waters of...harbour and runs between...tall skyscrapers in...northwestern direction. This great street is...longest in...world.

Упражнение74

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...Africa is...very large continent lying to...south of...Europe and to...southwest of...Asia to which it is joined by...Isthmus of Suez. Less than one hundred years ago...men knew almost nothing of...middle of...continent....travellers from...Europe made...long journeys into...centre but they met with...terrible difficulties, for...continent is covered with...forests füll of...fearful wild animals. Some travellers died of...hunger or...thirst or...stränge illnesses,...others were killed by...lions, still...others by...natives; but nevertheless bold men were found ready to go along...rivers into...heart of...Africa. The merchants who came from...European countries had much to seil, and here were...millions of...people ready to buy; here was...country,...richness of which was unimaginable.

Упражнение75

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Robert Burns,...son of...small farmer in Ayrshire, was born on...25th of...January,1759.His parents were poor, so Burns did not get a good education. He worked hard as...ploughboy. He was fond of reading and always had...bailad book before him at...dinner. After...death of his father Robert and his brother and sisters took over...farm together. Working in...fields Burns wrote many wonderful songs. How-ever, things became so bad on...farm, that...poet decided to go to...Jamaica hoping to get...job on...plantation there. Luckily some friends helped Burns to publish...book of poems....book was noticed and praised highly. In1786Burns went to...Edinburgh, and his book of poems unlocked...doors of...rieh Edinburgh houses to a peasant with such...wonderful talent. In1788he married Jean Armour and spent...peaceful and happy year....rest of his life story is...tale of...poet's hardships....hard life ruined...poet's health, and on... 2Ist of...July,1796,he died at...age of thirty-seven.

Запомнитеследующиеустойчивыесловосочетания:

inаdayinаmonth

inаweekinаyear

Упражнение 76

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"Is there...post office near...house you live in?"

"Yes, there is. Go to...corner of...street along which...trams run. Then turn to...left and walk...short distance down...street. Do not cross...street, of course. You will see...sign over...door which says 'Post and Telegraph Office'."

"Thank you very much. I am sure I shall find it without...difficulty. I must buy...stamps, send...telegram and ask whether they receive...parcels there. I want to send...parcel to...old friend. It will be her birthday in...week. Perhaps you can teil me where I can find...shop that sells...nice things that one can give as...presents?"

"Yes, certainly. There's...very good shop not far from here. You can easily walk there in a few minutes. Go straight down...street that you will see directly in...front of you when you come out of...post office tili you come to...wide street along which...buses and...trolleybuses run. Then turn to...left again and almost immediately you will come to...beautiful shop with...big Windows füll of all sorts of...things. I am sure you will find...nice presents there."

Запомнитеследующиеустойчивыесловосочетания:

forlifeagreat deal

Упражнение 77

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Until near...end of...19th Century it was the law in...England that if...man was unable to pay...debt, even...small one, he could be imprisoned. This imprisonment might very well be for...life, as it was impossible for...people in prison to work at their ordinary occupations and so make...money to repay...sum they had borrowed. If they had...friends who could bring them...materials to workwith, they mightworkwith their hands, Sewingormaking...boots, forinstance.

...great English novelist Charles Dickens knew...great deal about the debtors' prisons from personal experience, for when he was about ten, his father was imprisoned for debt, and...whole family had to go and live with him in...prison because they had nowhere eise to live....mother and...children, however, could leave...place when they wished; but at ten o'clock every evening...great gates were shut for the night, and no one could leave or enter until morning. Dickens described...life in the debtors' prisons in some of his novels. It was largely because of Dickens' sharp criticism that...English Government was finally forced to do away with...debtors' prisons.

Упражнение 78

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At...beginningof...19thCentury...littleboy was bornin...familyof JohnDickens,...clerkat...office in...Portsmouth, and was named Charles. He had...sisterwho was older than himself,and there were several other children in...family. When Charles was seven, he was sent to...school. He was not...strong child. He did not like to play...cricket or...football and spent all his free time reading. In1821 ...fam-ily went to...London, and little Charles left behind him...happiest years of his childhood. His father was in...money difficulties, and...family became poorer and poorer....boy had to give up his studies. Mr Dickens was put into...debtors' prison. Little Charles learned to know all...horrors and cruelty of...large capitalist city. He had to go to work at...blacking factory. He worked there from...morning tili...night. When his father came out of prison, Charles was seht to...school for some time. Soon he got work as...clerk. Then he learned...stenography and became...reporter in Parliament. In1836at...age of24Charles Dickens published his first book. It was...collection of...stories....title of...book was "Sketches by Boz." These were followed by "Pickwick Papers" and "Oliver Twist" and many other famous novels. Charles Dickens is one of...greatestwriters of...19thCentury.His novels are now translated into most languages of...world.

Упражнение79

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Düring...American War of...Independence,...Commanderof...small unitofsoldiers was giving...orders to his men about...heavy cannon that they were trying to lift to its place at...top of some fortifications. It was almost beyond their power to lift...weight, and...Commanderkept shouting...encouraging words....officer, not in uniform, was passing by, and he asked...Commanderwhy he did not help...soldiers. Greatly surprised,...man turned round and said proudly, "Sir, I am...corporal!" "Oh, you are, are you?" replied...officer: "I did not know that. I beg your pardon, Mr Corporal." Thenhegot off...horse he was riding and, taking hold of...гореthat...men were pulling at, he pulled with all his strength. And when...cannon was in its place, he turned to...little great man and said, "Mr Corporal, when you have...other Job like this and have not enough...men,send for yourCommanderin chief,and I shall gladly come and help you."...corporal wasStruckwith...astonishment....man who had helped his soldiers was George Washington.

Упражнение 80

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William Shakespeare,...greatest English play-wright, was born in1564in...Stratford-upon-Avon in...England....Stratford is...small country town in...farming district near...centre of...England....Avon, which is...pretty river with...grass and...trees all along its banks, runs through...Stratford. Not much is known of...Shakespeare's father. He was...farmer who, at...different times of his life, sold...meat and bought and sold...wool. He was poor and was often in...money difficulties. Also very little is known about...life of his only son William....little house in which...great writer was born stillStands.It is now...museum. William went to...school in...Stratford. In1586he went to...London. Probably...first work he did there was at one of the two theatres that were in...London at that time. Then he became...actor and soon began to write...plays for...Company of actors to which he belonged. Shakespeare bought...largest house in his home town in1597,but he did not spend much time there tili1610.He spent...last years of his life mostly in...Stratford, but he often visited...London. He died in1616.

Упражнение 81

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The financial crisis of2007-2010has been called by...leading economists ...worst financial crisis since...Great Depression of...1930s. Economist Peter Morici has termed it"...Great Recession". It contrib-uted to...failure of...key businesses, declines in...consumer wealth estimated in...trillions of U.S. dol-lars,...substantial financial commitments incurred by...governments, and...significant decline in...economic activity.

Many causes have been proposed. Both...market-based andregulatory Solutionshave beenimplementedor areunder...consideration, while...significant risks remain for...worldeconomy over... 2010-2011pe-riods.

Упражнение 82

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Rarely has...economic ascent of two relatively poor nations been watched with such awe....postwar era witnessed...economic miracles in...Japan and...South Korea. But neither was large enough to power worldwide growth or change the game in...multiple industries....China and...India, by contrast, possess the weight and dynamism to transform... 2IstCentury global economy. Never has...world seen the simultaneous, sustained takeoffsoftwo...nations that together account for one-third of the planet's Population.

What makes...two giants especially powerful is that they complement each other's strengths....technical and managerial skills in both...China and...India are becoming more important than...cheap assembly labour.....China stays dominant in mass manufacturing, and is one of...few nations building...multibillion-dollar electronics and...heavy industrial plants....India is...rising power in...Software, design, Services,andprecisionindustry. Its...Softwareindustry barely existed15 ...years agobutis growing rapidlytoday.How these...Asian giants integrate with...rest of...world will largely shape...21stCenturyglobal economy.

Упражнение83

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George Bernard Shaw,...well-known English playwright, was born in...Ireland in1856.He was...son of...clerk and had to begin working at...early age. At...age of twenty he moved to...London where he became...Journalist.

...play "Widowers' Houses" shows...egoism and hypocrisy of some businessmen who got their prof its from...London slums where...poorest people lived.

While travelling in...Germany Harry Trench,...young English doctor, got acquainted with Mr Sar-torius,...respectable-looking gentleman, and his daughter Blanche....young people feil in love with each other and were going to get married. Trench kriew that Sartorius was rieh, but he did not know what...kind of...property he had. He learned about it from...conversation with Lickcheese, Sartorius' rent collector. It turned out that Sartorius was...owner of some tenements in the London slums, and that all...property he had was built by getting...money out of...poor people who lived there. Trench was greatly shocked. He did not want to take...money from Blanche's father. But Blanche said she could not live on...small income Trench had. They had...quarrel, and Trench left...house. After some time Trench learned that...land on which Sartorius' houses were built belonged to Trench's aunt and that he himself was Irving on...money got in...same way; Everything comes out "all right" in...end: Trench marries Blanche and becomes...partner in Sartorius' business. The author shows that in...fact Trench is no better than Sartorius, Lickcheese and the like.

Упражнение 84

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My...husband picks up...local newspaper every morning from...vending machine on our...way to...work....other morning,...girl who appeared to be about six was in...front of him in...line, buying...paper for her...mother, who was sitting in...car....child put...money for one...paper in...slot and took two...newspapers!

My...husband said to her, "Oh, is this two-for-one day?"...child did not reply. She just took...two...newspapers to her...mother.

This is stealing, pure and simple. I wonder what this...mother is going to think when her...daughter becomes...teen and gets arrested for...shoplift-ing at...mall? I suppose she'll wonder where her...daughter got...idea that it is OK to take something without paying for it.

...mother missed...opportunity to teach her...child right from wrong. If...child took...extra newspaper in...error,...mother should have in-structed her to put it back. However, if she put...child up to itshame on her.

Упражнение 85

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Three...bank robbers got...surprise last night. This is what happened....three...robbers, who all work as...cleaners at...hospital, drove up to...bank on Main Street....three men, wearing...masks over their...faces, got out of...car and ran into...bank. Inside...bank, they pointed...guns at...customers and...bank tellers. One of...men told all...customers to lie down on...floor. And then one of...other men said something like, "Quick,...money! Give me...money!" So one of...tellers handed them some...bags. After leaving...bank,...three men jumped into their...van and drove off. One...mile down...road,...robbers parked their...van next to...ambulance they had parked before...robbery. They got into...ambulance and drove off. They went straight to their...hospital. After leaving...ambulance in...hospital parking lot,...three...men went together into...small room. There, they opened...bags of...money they had been givenand got...very...unpleas-ant surprise!...bank teller had given...robbers...special bags containing...bright red...ink!...red ink is released when...bag is opened, and it can't be washed off. So suddenly,...men found themselves covered in red ink! As...men left...room and tried to leave...hospital,...emergency room doctor saw them and she thought, "Oh God, they're all covered in...blood." So she tried to help them but they refused her...help and ran off....doctor realized something funny was going on and she called...police....police caught...robbersguess where? Outside...bank on Main Street.

Упражнение86

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...tsunami is...natural phenomenon consisting of...series of...waves generated when...water in...lake or...sea is rapidly displaced on...massive scale. It is also...very large dangerous ocean wave caused by...underwater explosion, earthquake, etc....earthquakes,...landslides,...volcanic eruptions and...large meteorite impacts all have the potential to generate...tsunami....effects of...tsunami can ränge from unnoticeable to...devastation.

...magnitude9.0 2004 ...Indian Ocean Earthquake triggered...series of...lethal tsunamis on December26, 2004that killed over310,000people (more than220,000in...Indonesia alone), making it...deadli-est tsunami in...recorded history....tsunami killed...people over...area ranging from...immediate vicinity of...quake in...Indonesia,...Thailand and...north-western coast of...Malaysia to thousands of kilometres away in...Bangladesh,...India,...Sri Lanka,...Maldives, and even as far as...Somalia,...Kenya and...Tanzania in...eastern Africa....disaster prompted...huge worldwide effort to help...victime of...tragedy, with hundreds of...millions of...dollars being raised for...disaster relief.

Упражнение 87

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... 2012Summer Olympic Games, officially known as...Games of...XXX Olympiad, will take place in...United Kingdom of...Great Britain and...Northern Ireland from27July to12August2012. ...London will become...first city to officially host...modern Olympic Games three...times, having previously done so in1908and in1948. ...London was elected as...host city on6July2005during...117th IOC1Session in...Singapore, defeating...Moscow,...New York City,...Madrid and...Paris after four...rounds of voting..

1IOCthe International Olympic Committee.

...Olympics prompted...redevelopment of many of...areas of...London in which...games are to be held.

Аtotal of12,500 ...athletes are expected to compete in300 ...events in26 ...sports.205 ...na-tions are reported to participate in... 2012Summer Olympics.

Упражнение88

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... 2014Winter Olympics, officially known as...XXII Olympic Winter Games or...22nd Winter Olympics, will be held in...Russian Federation for...first time;...Soviet Union hosted... 1980Summer Games in...Moscow. The host city Sochi has...population of400,000 ...people and is situated in...Krasnodar, which is...third largest region in...Russia.

...Games will be organized in two...Clusters:...coastal Cluster for...ice events in Sochi, and...moun-tain Cluster located in...Krasnaya Polyana Mountains. This will make it one of...most compact Games ever, with around30 ...minutes...travel time from...coastal to mountain Cluster....Sochi Olympic Park will be built along...Black Sea coast in...Imeretinskaya Valley, where all...ice venues such as...Bolshoi Ice Palace,...Maly Ice Palace,...Olympic Oval,...Sochi Olympic Skating Centre,...Olympic Curling Centre,...Central Stadium,...Main Olympic Village and...International Broadcast Centre and Main Press Centre, will be built anew for... 2014Games. There will be...average distance of6km between...Olympic Village and...other coastal venues.

Themountain Clusterin...Krasnaya Polyana will be...home to all...skiing and sliding sports. There will be...average distance of4km between...mountain sub-village and...venues. There will also be...sub-media centre in...mountain Cluster.

СУЩЕСТВИТЕЛЬНОЕ

Упражнение 89

Дайте соответствующие существительные женского рода.

А Иоп, аtiger, an actor,аpoet,~аman, an uncle, a husband, a brother, a grandfather, a son, a master, a baron, a count, a shepherd, a host.

Упражнение 90

Дайте соответствующие существительные мужского рода.

Аlady,аgirl,аniece, Mrs Smith,аwidow,аmother,аFrenchwoman,аhen,аcow,аqueen,аprincess,аduchess,аstewardess.

Образование множественного числа существительных

аcateats

a dressdresses

аdogdogs

aboxboxes

а саг —cars

a dishdishes

аchairchairs

awatchwatches

аboyboys

apotatopotatoes

a citycities

a leafleaves

Ho:1)apianopianos;

aphotophotos.

2)a roofroofs;

asafesafes;

a chiefChiefs;

acliffcliffs.

Упражнение 91

Поставьте следующие существительные во множественное число (не забудьте, что перед множественным числом неопределенный артикль нужно опустить ).

А реп, аclass,аstory,аroad,аday,аcat, abush,аdesk,аtable,аplate,аfox,аroom,аlady,аknife,аchair,аbus,аhero,аmatch,аway, ahouse, afam-ily, a flag, a town, a wolf, a country, a lion, apark, a play, a dictionary, a thief, аkey.

Запомните форму множественного числа следующих существительных:

аmanmenаgoosegeeseаwomanwomen a toothteeth a childchildren   a footfeet a mousemice     an oxoxen

Запомните также:

an EnglishmanEnglishmen a FrenchmanFrenchmenHo:a GermanGermans

Запомните три существительных, имеющих во множественном числе ту же форму, что и в единственном:

аsheepsheepаdeerdeerаswineswine

Упражнение 92

Поставьте следующие существительные во множественное число (обратите внимание на артикли: неопределенный артикль во множественном числе опускается, определенный артикль сохраняется).

Аbaby,аplant,аlemon,аpeach,аbanana, abrush,аstar,аmountain,аtree,аShilling,аking, the waiter, the queen, a man, the man, a woman, the woman, an eye, a shelf, a box, the city, a boy, a goose, the watch, a mouse, a dress, a toy, the sheep, a tooth, a child, theох,a deer, the life, atomato, a secretary, a crowd, the airport, a theatre, the tor-nado, a shop, the tragedy.

i

Упражнение 93

Поставьте следующие словосочетания во множественное число.

This magazine, that sticker, this stamp, that sandwich, this poster, this teacup, this egg, that wall, that picture, this foot, that mountain, this lady, that window, this man, that match, this knife, this book, this family, this pie, that answer, that apartment, that teacher, that comedy.

Запомните:this isthese are that isthose are there isthere are it isthey are

. Упражнение 94

Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

1.This isаspider.2.That is a snail.3.This is astar.4.This is a film star.5.That is a cartoon.6.This is a boy.7.This is a baby.8.That is a plate.9.That is a flower.10.That is a bookshelf.11.Is this a sofa?12.Is this a bookcase?13.Is this a man?14.Is that a ball?15.Is that a train?16.Is that a plane?17.Is the window open?18.Is the door closed?19.Is the boy near the window?20.That is not a king.21.That is not a queen.22.That is not a bus.23.This isn't a mountain.24.That isn't a goose.25.This isn't a mouse.26.It is a sheep.27.It is a calendar.28.It is a cat.29.It is not a girl.30.It isn't a bag.31.It isn't a tree.32.It is not a bad egg.33.It is a good egg.34.Is that a flower?35.Is this a rose?36.This is a teapot.

Упражнение 95

Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

1.This man is an engineer.2.That woman is my sister.3.This child is my son.4.That goose is big.5.This mouse is white.6.This man is a doctor.7.That woman is my cousin. She is a teacher.8.That girl is my niece. She is a pupil.9.This girl has a blue sweater.10.This boy has a warm coat.11.My uncle has a large flat.12.There is a table in the room.13.1have a good pen. My pen is in my pocket.14.There is a flower in the vase.15.This child's foot is sore.16.This cup is dirty.17.That book is dull.18.This hotel is very expensive but it's very nice.19.There is a children's playground in the park.20.That is a new supermarket in our town.21.It's a delicious lemon pie for dessert.22.It's anice cotton dress for my niece.

Упражнение 96

Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

1.This phone in the office is out of order.2.That blouse is made of silk.3.This is an excellent paint-ing.4.His book is very populär and it really in-terests me.5.It's a difficult word to write.6.My son is a Journalist and he has been very successful.7.This purse isn't made of leather.8.That is my neighbour's car.9.Has he got a camera?10.It's a new cassette recorder.11.This room is very large.12.There is a match in the box.13.There is a knife over there.14.There is a man and a woman in the street.15.This lady is that gentleman's wife.16.This shoe is too large for my foot.17.The child is sitting on a bench.18.My tooth is white.19.This key is made of steel.20.A potato is a vegetable and a cherry is a fruit.21.This is my friend's study.22.My chief is very competent.

Упражнение 97

Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

1.This is my dictionary.2.He has a new suit.3.This metal is very hard.4.That ship is a Russian one.5.I heard her voice.6.His dog does not likebread.7.Theplatewas on thetable.8.Thistownisn'tvery large.9.I saw her at thetram stopyesterday.10.Is thatgirlyoursister?11.I shallgiveyoumybook.12.This storywillbe an unusual one.13.Isthisa goodmatch?14.The boy put his book on the desk.15.She took off her hat.16.That house is new.17.The young man put his hand in his pocket.18.IsthisstudentComing withus, too?19.Thewomandidn't say anything.20.Does she speak English?21.The police officer has caught the thief. 22.He is holding the child hostige.

Упражнение 98

Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

1.It'sаvery difficult question to answer.2.1think1*11have that cake on the right.3.Look at that pumpkin! It's the biggest one I've seen this year.4.Is this your scarf?5.That was a cookie jar.6.What is that child's name?7.The cat has caught a mouse.8.There was a lady, a gentleman, a boy, and a girl in the room.9.In the farmyard we could see anох,a sheep, a cow, and a goose.10.Is this worker an Englishman or a German?He is a Frenchman.11.Why don't you eat this potato?12.This strawberry is still green.13.The withered leaf has fallen to the ground.14.Can you see a bird in that tree?15.Does your tooth still ache?16.I held up my foot to the fire to warm it.17.His child studies very well.18.This man works at our off ice.19.There is a new house in our street.20.This story is very exciting.21.1have hurt my foot.22.The wolf has been shot.23.He keeps his toy in a box.24.Put this knife on that table.

Упражнение 99

Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

1.This isаbird.2.Is that also a bird?No, it isn't. That is a cat.3.Is that a good horse?Yes, it is.4.Is that cow big or small?It is big.5.This is an apple and that is a flower.6.Where is the coin?It is in the box.7.What colour is the box?It is green.8.What is it made of? —It is made of wood.9.What is that man?He is a clerk.10.Is he in the office?Yes, he is.11.Is that woman a typist?No, she isn't.What is she?She is a doctor.12.Is his brother at home?Yes, he is.13.This house has a balcony looking out on the street.14.The architecture of this building isquite modern.15.This is a new district of St Petersburg.16.There is a shop, a cinema and a theatre in the new district.17.He is a retired worker.18.1am a driver.19.We hear the sounds of a child's voice.20.She is a nice girl.21.He is a noisy boy.

Притяжательный падеж существительных

the child's toysthe children's toys the boy's booksthe boys' books

Упражнение 100

Перефразируйте следующие словосочетания и предложения, употребляя притяжательный падеж.

1.The ball of the dog.2.The Skateboard of that man.3.The songs of the children.4.The umbrella of this woman.5.The room of my friend.6.The questions of my son.7.The wife of my brother.8.The table of our teacher.9.The poems of Pushkin.10.The voice of thisgirl.11.Thenew clubof theworkers.12.Theletterof Pete.13.The car ofmy parents.14.Thelifeofthis woman.15.Thehandbagsofthese women.16.Theflatof mysisterislarge.17.Thechildrenof mybrotherare at home.18.Theroomoftheboys islarge.19.Thenameofthis girlis Jane.20.Thework of thesestudents isinteresting.21.TheComputer of myson ismodern.22.Hewasafriendofmy cousins.

Упражнение 101

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя притяжательный падеж.

1. Глаза у кошки зеленые. 2. Игрушки детей в большом ящике. 3. День рождения моего отца в мае. 4. И что за совпадение! Это любимый торт и моей мамы. 5. Я люблю книги моего мужа. 6. Как зовут того молодого человека? 7. Он показал мне письмо своей сестры. 8. Она взяла коньки своего брата. 9. Дайте мне тетради ваших учеников. 10. Принесите вещи детей. 11. Вчера дети нашли птичье гнездо. 12. Это семья моего друга. Отец моего друга — инженер. Мать моего друга — преподаватель. 13. Чья это сумка? — Это сумка Тома.

14.Чьи это словари? — Это словари студентов.

15.прыгнула с нами в пруд.

МЕСТОИМЕНИЯSOME, ANY, NO, EVERYИ ИХ ПРОИЗВОДНЫЕ

Someобозначает некоторое количество.

Употребление

Утвердительная форма

We have got some dictionaries.

Отрицательная форма

We have got no dictionaries.

We haven't got any dictionaries.

Вопросительная форма ~

Have you got any dictionaries?

Упражнение 102Вставьтеsome, anyили по.

1.There are...pictures in the book.2.Are there...new students in your group?3.There are...old houses in our street.4.Are there...English text-books on the desks?Yes, there are... . 5.Are there...maps on the walls?No, there aren't... . 6.Are there...pens on the desk?Yes, there are... . 7.Are there...sweets in your bag?Yes, there are... . 8.Have you got...English books at home?

Yes,Ihave... . 9.There are...beautiful pictures in the magazine. Look at them.10.There is...ink in myреп:I cannot write.11.Is there...paper on your table?12.I haven't got...exercise books. Give me... ,please.13.It is winter. There are...leaves on the trees.14.I didn't buy...bananas yesterday.15.Did you buy...oranges? Did you buy...orange juice?16.Is there...tea left?No, there isn't... .I'll make...coffee if you don't mind. The apple pie is wonderful. Would you like...? —Oh, yes, please.СапI have...milk in my coffee, please?17.There is...butter in the fridge, but there isn't...milk.18.Are there...eggs?There aren't...eggs left.19.We haven't got...flour.20.To make cabbage soup I need...cabbage,...onions,...carrots,...beetroots,...dill and...parsley,...potatoes,...good oil and...salt.21.I need to buy a lot of things. There isn't...time to waste.22.Oh, dear! There is...money in my purse. But I can use my credit card.

Упражнение 103

Вставьтеsome, anyили по.

1.We haven't got...milk. We can't make an omelette.2.Bob always likes...sugar in his coffee.3.Poor Oliver was hungry. He wanted...bread.

They haven't got...stamps. I can't post my letter.

He has got...money. He can't spend his holidays in Switzerland any more and stay at luxury hotels.

There are...schools in this street.7.Are there...pictures in your book?8.There are...flowers here in winter.9.I can see...children in the yard. They are playing.10.Are there...new buildings in your street?11.There are...people in the park because it is cold.12.I saw...boys in the garden, but Mike was not among them.13.They borrowed...good books from the library.14.Give me...tea, please,

Iam thirsty.15.Dinner was not ready yet, so she gave the children...bread and butter because they were hungry.16.Do you want...milk in your cof-fee?17.Have you got...time to spare? I'd like to ask you...questions.18.Is there...cheese on the plate?19.There is...ham on the plate.20.There is...tea in the cup: the cup is empty.

Сравните следующие предложения:

After dinner he dranksome juice.

сока (некоторое количество)

1borrowedsome booksfrom the library.

(некоторое количество книг)

He does not drink milk after dinner, he drinksS_Juice.

сок (не некоторое количество, а сок вообще; сок, а не молоко)

1likeSbooks.

(не некоторое количество, а вообще книги)

Упражнение 104

Вставьтеsome,апу, по или оставьте пропуски незаполненными, смотря по смыслу.

1.There are...buses today and I can't goShopping.2.There is...caviare in theсап.I love it. Would you like... ? 3.Please don't offer her...chips. She doesn't want... . 4. СапI have...milk in my tea? I don't like it black.5.There is...ink in my pen.6.Is there...snow in the street this morning?7.My mother likes...music.8.Are there...chess players here?9.There are...diagrams in the new book.10.Are there...newspapers on the table?11.Was there...water in the glass or...milk?

12.There was...soap in the soap dish; he used it to wash his hands.13.There was...soap in the box: it smells of...soap.14.There is...tea for you on the table.15.Do you like...apples?16.Were there...of our boys at the Stadium?17.There were...students of our group at the Opera House yesterday.18.Will there be...concerts at the club next month?19.There were...yellow and green pencils on the table.20.People need...oxygen for breathing.21.Are there...mistakes in my dictation?Yes, there are... . 22.My brother doesn't like...onions.

something— что-нибудь, что-то

Употребление

Утвердительная форма

1сапseesomethingon the table.

Отрицательная форма

1сапseenothingon the table.

1cannot seeanythingon the table.

Вопросительная форма

Can you seeanythingon the table?

everything— всё

Упражнение 105

Вставьтеsomething, anything, nothingилиeverything.

1.My husband taught his son...he knows.2.Her patient has a bad memory. She can't remember... . 3.I think there is...wrong with my watch.4.We've got...to eat. We've got only...to drink.5.The studentdidn'tunderstand...because she heard... . 6.Doeshe know...aboutComputers?Yes,heknows...becauseheis the bestspecialist in Computerscience at Harvard University.7.Hefeitterrible. He couldn't do...eise.8. ...is allright, the patientis much better today.9.Is there...interestinginthe theatre Programme?10.Icouldsee... :it was quite dark.11.Give me...todrink.12.Ididn'ttake anymoneywith me, so Icouldn'tbuy... . 13.Myneweyeglasses are verygood,I can see...now.14.1saw...near thewoodthatlooked likeatent.15.My friends had...they wanted, but theyweren't happy,because theydidn'thave any children.

Упражнение 106

Вставьтеsomething, anything, nothingилиevery-thing.

1.She has to go to the super market. There isn't...in the fridge.2.I've had a terrible day....went wrong.3.The young man is very upset. There is...wrong with his car.4.His grandparents like doing

cooking, playing board games, going to museums, visiting their friends.5.She never says...nice about her neighbours.6.What do you want to drink?— ....I'm not thirsty.7.Nobody told me...about his lung cancer. I could do...to save his life.8.Give me...to read, please.With pleasure.9.Idon't know...about your town. Teil me...about it.10.Please give me...warm: it is cold here.11.1understand...now. Thank you for your explanation.12.There is...white in the box. What is it?13.Is there...that you want to teil me?14.Where is the book?It is on the table.No, there is...there.15.There is...new under the moon.16.The capital's best-selling guide contains...you need to know about London.

Упражнение 107

Вставьтеsomebody/someone, anybody/апуone, nobody/no oneилиeverybody/everyone.

1.Don't teil...about it. It's a secret.2.Life is tough!...has problems.3. ...has eaten all the ice cream. That's terrible!...will be able to have it for dessert tonight.4.I think,...in our class is honest. That's why we trust... . 5.If you look in the yellow pages, I am sure you'll find...who can fix your TV.6.I am not a perfectionist....is perfect in this world.7.Is there...in the office?8. ...needs good friends. A friend in need is a friend indeed.9.Does...in thisgroup have a dictionary?10. ...left a magazine in our classroom yesterday.11.The question was so difficult that...could answer it.12.1am afraid Iwon't be able to find...in the office now: it is too late.13....knows that water is necessary for life.14.Is there...here who knows French?15.You must find...who can help you.16. ...knew anything about America before Columbus discovered it.17.1saw...in the train yesterday who lookedlikeyou.18.There is...inthenext room.Idon't know him.19.Pleaseteilus theStöry....knows it.

Is there...inmy groupwho lives inthedormitory?

Does...herehave ared pencil?22. ...can answerthisquestion.It isveryeasy.

Упражнение 108

Заполните пропуски, вставив одно из слов, данных в скобках.

1.We haven't...black trousers(по,any).2.They have...red boots, Kate (any,по). 3.I don't want...today, thank you (nothing, anything).4."I haven't got...clean exercise books, Mother," said the boy (any, no).5."We shall not buy...in this shop, children," said the mother (nothing, anything).6.Didn't you buy...potatoes yesterday (any,по)? 7.1 didn't see...in the street when I went out (anybody, nobody).8.We did not play...games in the yard because it was raining all day long (no, any):9.There is...at home (anybody, nobody).10.How much did you pay for these boots?I didn't pay...(nothing, anything). They are a present from my grandmother.11.Have you lost...(anything, nothing)?No, I haven't. I haven't lost...(nothing, anything).12.Do you have...idea (any,по)? 13.I have...idea (any, no).14.There is...ice in the fridge (any, no).

Упражнение 109

Поставьте следующие предложения в отрицательную и вопросительную форму.

1.They have done something.2.He has given them some money.3.You have brought something for us.4.1 have taken some English books from you.

5.She was reading something.6.He has written a letter to somebody.7.Somebody by the name of Petrov lives on the third floor.8.They have some English books.9.There are some tall trees in front of their house.10.Peter has something in his box.11.There are some parks in this town.12.There are some good bookshops in our district.

Упражнение 110

Переведите на английский язык.

1. Я ничего не сказал. Ни слова. 2. Все хотели получить автограф Юрия Гагарина. 3. Все, что у меня есть, принадлежит тебе. 4. В столовой есть кто-нибудь? 5. В саду никого нет. 6. В нашей комнате есть кто-нибудь? 7. Там есть кто-то. 8. Там никого нет. 9. В библиотеке есть кто-нибудь? 10. За занавеской есть что-нибудь? — Нет, там ничего нет. 11. В сумке что-то есть. 12. В доме есть кто-нибудь? — Да, там есть кто-то. 13. Под столом есть что-нибудь? — Да, там что-то есть. 14. Там ничего нет. 15. В кабинете врача есть кто-нибудь? — Нет, там никого нет. 16. В нашей библиотеке есть кое-какие книги на английском языке. 17. В вашей библиотеке есть какие-нибудь книги Джека Лондона? 18. Мой дядя хочет мне что-то сказать. 19. На другой день мой брат знал всех. 20. Если вы захотите что-нибудь поесть, идите в вагон-ресторан. 21. Расскажите нам все о вашем путешествии. 22. Я могу что-то сделать для вас?

Заметьте, что в утвердительных предложениях:

any— любойanything— что угодноanybody— кто угодно

Упражнение 111

Вставьтеsome, any,по или их производные.

1. Негеare...books by English writers. Take...book you like.2.There are...boys in the garden because they are at school.3.I can see...on the snow, but I don't know what it is.4.Are there...desks in the classroom?Yes, there are many.5.There are...books on this desk, but there are...exercise books.6.Did he say...about it?No, he said... . 7.What shall I do now,Мот?I have done my homework.You can do...you like.8.There was...in the street because it was very late.9. ...wants to see him.10.Is there...here who knows this man?11.Have you got... books on Dickens? I want to read...about him. I have read...books by Dickens and I aminterestedin the life of thewriter.12.Can...teil me how to get to the Public Library?Yes, take...bus that goes from here towards the railwayStationand get off at the third stop.13.Please bring me...grapes, Mary.14.That is a very easy question— ...can answer it.

Упражнение 112

Вставьтеsomewhere, anywhere, nowhereилиevery-where.

1.I can't find my book... .I have looked all over the house.2.Johnny lives...near Chicago.3.It so happened that he had...to go to. So last summer he stayed at home in his beloved city for his holidays.4.This book can be found... .Let's buy it.5.Do you live...near them?6.Is it...in Russia?Yes, it's...in Russia.7.Where are you going?I am not going... . 8.I put my dictionary...yesterday and now I can't find it... . —Of course, that is because you leave your books... . 9.You must go...next summer.10.Did you go...on Sunday?11.Let's go... .The weather is fine. I don't want to stay at home in such weather.12.I cannot find my glasses... .I always put them...and then look for them for hours.13.Today is a holiday. The streets are füll of people. There are flags, banners and flowers... .

Упражнение 113

Переведите на английский язык.

1. На столе лежит что-то круглое. Что это такое? 2. Никто об этом ничего не знает. 3. В городе много парков. Везде деревья и цветы. 4. В той комнате кто-то есть. 5. Анна живет где-то в этом районе. 6. Я никого не знаю в этом городе. 7. Дай мне, пожалуйста, что-нибудь поесть. 8. Кто-нибудь знает адрес нашего учителя? 9. Все в порядке. 10. Кто-нибудь хочет посмотреть телевизор? 11. Мы слышали эту песню повсюду. 12. Он где-то в саду. 13. Здесь нет Кати. Мы ее везде искали, но не можем нигде найти ее. Кто-нибудь видел Катю? — Вот она. Никто ничего не знает о ней, а она сидит на скамейке и читает книгу.

Упражнение 114

Вставьте одно из следующих слов:

a)some,апу, по

1.There were...of my friends there.2.Well, anyway, there is...need to hurry, now that we have missed the train.3.Have you ever seen...of these pictures before?4.There is...water in the kettle: they have drunk it all.5.There were...firtrees in that forest, but so many pines.6.We could not buy cherries, so we bought...plums instead.

b)somebody/someone, anybody/апу1.1saw...I knew at the lecture.2.1dare say that

there may be...at the lecture that I know, but what does that matter?3.Do you really think that...visits this place?4.I have never seen...lace their boots like that.5.Does...know anything about him?6. ...knows anything about him.7.He didn't ask...for help.8.We need...like you to stay with our kids.

c)somewhere, anywhere, nowhere

1.I haven't seen him... . 2.I know the place is...about here, but I don't know exactly where.3.Did you go...yesterday?No, I went... ,I stayed at home the whole day.4. ...is safe anymore.5. '...'is usually used instead of in negative sentenses and questions.6.Bad manners will get you... .

Упражнение 115

Вставьтеsome,апу, по,everyили их производные.

1. Тоknow...is to know.... 2. ...is rotten in the state of Denmark (W. Shakespeare).3.Wealth is...without health.4. ...is good in its season.5.Can Ihave...milk?Yes, you can have... . 6.Will you have...tea?7.Give me...books, please. I have...to read at home.8.Put...sugar in her tea: she does not like sweet tea.9.Is...the matter with you? Has...offended you? I see by your face that...has hap-pened.10.We did not see...in the hall.11....was present at the lesson yesterday.12.He is busy. He has...time to go to the cinema with us.13.Do you need...books to prepare your report?14.Have you...questions? Ask me...you like, I shall try to answer...question.15. ...liked that play: it was very dull.

If...is ready, we shall begin our experiment.

Money isn't...in the world.18.She's got...in common with her brother.19.Don't believe...she says.20.We enjoyed...minute of the concert last Sunday.

Упражнение 116

Вставьтеsome, any, no, everyили их производные.

Can you see...in an empty box? No, I can't see...in an empty box. I can see...in an empty box. Why not? Because there is...in an empty box. There isn't...in an empty box. What is an empty box? An empty box is a box that has...in it. An empty box is a box without...in it. An empty room is a room without...in it.

Can...see? No,...people can't see....people are blind. Blind people can't see. They can't see... ;they can see... .

Can...hear? No,...people can't hear....people are deaf.People who are quite deaf can't hear. They can't hear they can't hear... .They can hear... ;they can hear... .

Can we see... ?No, we can't see... .We cannot see the air....can see the air.

We can't walk without legs and feet. People without legs and feet can't walk. They can't walk... .