Examination test on theoretical grammar

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Examination test on theoretical grammar

1. The term “grammar” goes back to a Greek word that may be translated as:

A) “art of writing”

B) “art of listening”

C) “art of pronouncing”

D) “vocabulary”

E) not given

2. Grammar may be:

A)practical and theoretical

B) theoretical

C) descriptive

D) general and special

E) practical

3. The description of grammar rules that are necessary to understand and formulate sentences is the aim of:

A)practical grammar

B) general grammar

C) theoretical and practical grammar

D) theoretical grammar

E) not given

4. To offer explanation for grammar rules that are necessary to understand and formulate sentences is the aim of:

A) theoretical grammar

B) general grammar

C) theoretical and practical grammar

D) practical grammar

E) not given

5. The language is a system of 3 constituent parts:

A) Phonology, Lexicology, Grammar

B) Morphology, Syntax, Grammar

C) Morphology, Lexicography, Grammar

D) Phonology, Lexicography, Grammar

E) Etymology, Phonology, Grammar

6. The grammatical structure of language, i.e. the system of the laws of word-changing and sentence building, is:

A) the main object of Grammar

B) the main subject of Grammar

C) the main characteristic of Grammar

D) the main rule of Grammar

E) not given

7. No language can exist without vocabulary. What part of the language system gives a human thought a material linguistic from, thanks to its abstract character?

A) Grammar

B) Lexicology

C) Lexicography

D) Phonology

E) Etymology

8. The smallest distinctive unit is:

A) the phoneme

B) the morpheme

C) the word

D) the sentence

E) the supra phrasal unity

9. The smallest nominative unit is:

A) the word

B) the morpheme

C) the phoneme;

D) the sentence

E) the supra phrasal unity

10. The functional unit of speech, which consists of more that one sentence, related syntactically and semantically, is:

A) the supra phrasal unity

B) the morpheme

C) the phoneme;

E) the word

D) the sentence

11. Traditionally, the course of Grammar is divided into:

A) 2 parts

B) 4 parts

C) 3 parts

D) no parts

E) not given

12. There are 2 parts of Grammar:

A) Morphology and Grammar

B) Synonyms and antonyms

C) Morpheme and Phoneme

D) Lexicology and Phonology

E) not given

13. What deals with forms of words?

A) Morphology

B) Syntax

C) Phonology

D) Lexicology

E) not given

14. What includes the sentence and the parts of the sentence?

A) Syntax

B) Lexicology

C) Phonology

D) Morphology

E) not given

15. Linguistic units (signs) can go into:

A) 3 types of relations

B) 2 types of relations

C) 4 types of relations

D) 6 types of relations

E) not given

16. Relations based on the principles of similarity are:

A) paradigmatic relations

B) syntactical relations

C) semantic relations

D) syntagmatic relations

E) not given

17. The grammatical structure of language is a system of means used to turn linguistic units into communicative ones, in other words – the units of language into the units of speech. Such means are:

A)word order, function words, affixation, inflexions, phonological means

B) affixation, conversion, inflexion

C) prefixation, suffixation

D)function words, phonological means, phraseological means, affixation, inflexions, word order, conversion

E) not given

18. Indo-European languages are classified into two structural types:

A) synthetic and analytic

B) semantic and morphological

C) grammatical and phonological

D) lexical and non-lexical

E) not given

19. The word is the main unit of:

A) morphology

B) syntax

C) language

D) phonology

E) not given

20. The language unit phoneme is opposed to:

A) the sound

B) the sentence

C) the utterance

D) the text

E) the discourse

21. Classes of words, all the members of which having certain characteristics in common which distinguish them from the members of other classes, are:

C) parts of speech

B) word-groups

C) sounds

D) word units’

E) phraseological units

22. Only in English grammarians have been vacillating between:

A) 3 and 13 parts of speech

B) 4 and 8 parts of speech

C) 2 and 6 parts of speech

D) 2 and 20 parts of speech

E) not given

23. According to the Latin classification of the part of speech all words were divided dichotomically into:

A) declinable and indeclinable

B) nominative and particles

C) notional and grammatical words

D) nouns, verbs. Adjectives, adverbs

E) not given

24. The functional approach to the problem of the classification of the parts of speech is:

A) the classification by Henry Sweet

B) the Latin classification

C) the classification by Charles Fries

D) the modern classification

E) not given

25. The classification by Ch. Fries illustrates:

A) a distributional approach

B) a logical-inflectional approach

C) a functional approach

D) a classical approach to the parts of speech classification

E) a complex approach

26. According to the classification by H. Sweet, the following parts belonged to the group of particles:

A) adverb, preposition, conjunction, interjection

B) nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs

C) nouns, pronouns, verbs and participles

D)conjunction, adverbs, verbals, nouns

E) not given

27. In modern linguistics, parts of speech are discriminated according to the following criteria:

A) semantic, formal, functional

B) semantic, morphological, formal

C) semantic, grammatical

D) complex, classic, functional

E) semantic, formal, derived

28. When characterizing any part of speech we are to describe:

A) all the variants are right

B) its morphological features

C) its syntactic peculiarities

D) its semantics

E) not given

29. Those words denoting things, objects, notions, qualities, etc. – words with the corresponding references in the objective reality are:

A) notional words

B) grammatical words

C) function words

D) nominative words

E) nominal words

30. Those words having no references of their own in the objective reality; most of them are used only as grammatical means to form up and frame utterances are:

A) function words

B) notional words

C) nominative words

D) formal words

E) not given

31. The central unit of language is

A) the noun

B) the verb

C) the adverb

D) the adjective

E) the pronoun

32. As any part of speech, the noun can be characterized by the following criteria:

A) semantic, morphological, syntactical

B) grammatical, phonological, lexical

C) semantic, grammatical

D) lexical, phonological

E) not given

33. According to the quantitative structure nouns can be:

D) countable and uncountable

B) animate and inanimate

C) human and non-human

D) proper and common

E) not given

34. The noun has morphological categories of:

A) number, case, gender

B) person, number, tense

C) number, case, tense

D) number and tense

E) not given

35. The noun can be used in the sentence in all syntactic functions but:

A) predicate

B)  object

C) attribute

D) adverbial modifier

E) subject

36. The singular form may denote:

C) generalization

B) the inner discreteness

C) the existence of several objects

D) all variants

E) not given

37. The plural form may denote:

A) the existence of several objects

B) indiscreteness

C) generalization

D) oneness

E) not given

38. The category of case:

A) expresses the relation of a word to another word in the word-group or sentence

B) possesses grammatical meaning of thingness, substantiality

D) plays a relatively minor part in the grammar of English by comparison with its role in many other languages’

C) is the linguistic representation of the objective category of quantity

E) not given

39.  According to the type of nomination nouns may be:

A) proper and common

B) human and non-human

C) animate and inanimate

D) countable and uncountable

E) not given

40. According to the form of existence nouns may be:

A) human and non-human

B) proper and common

C) countable and uncountable

D) simple and compound

E) not given

41. The most complex part of speech is:

A) verb

B) noun

C) adverb

D) adjective

E) pronoun

42. The ability to denote a process developing in time is:

A) grammatical meaning of verb

B) an object of verb

C) lexical meaning of verb

D) not given

43. The verb possesses the following grammatical categories:

A) phase, finitude, number, person, mood, voice, aspect, tense

B) tense, aspect, voice, mood, gender, number, case

C) number, case, gender

D) tense, person, case, gender and voice

E) not given

44. The formative elements expressing synthetical and analytical forms are:

A)  function words, inner inflexion, grammatical affixes

B) grammatical affixes and inner inflexion

C) inner inflexion and function words

D) function words, conversion, inner inflexion

E) affixation, conversion, compounding

45. According to different principles of classification, classification of verbs can be:

A) morphological, lexical-morphological, syntactical, functional

B) lexical, morphological, phonological

C) morphological, grammatical

D) semantic, lexic-morphological, syntactical, grammatical

E) not given

46. According to the stems-types all verbs fall into:

A) simple, sound-replacive, expanded, composite, phrasal

B) transitive and intransitive

C) stative and dynamic

D) regular and irregular

E) finite, non-finite, obligatory, optional, directed and non-directed

47. Notional, semi-notional and auxiliaries – these characteristics of verbs belong to:

D) functional classification

B) lexical classification

C) morphological classification

D) morphological classification

E) syntactic classification

48. How many voices are there in English?

A) 2

B) 5

C) 3

D) 4

E) 1

49. A verbal category that reflects the objective category of time is:

E) the category of tense

B) the category of voice

C) the category of aspect

D) the category of mood

E) the category of person

50.  How many basic tenses are there in the English language?

A) 12

B) 8

C) 10

D) 16

E) not given

51. English syntax is characterized by the following main feature (-s):

A) all the variants are right

B) a great variety of word-combinations

C) an extensive use of substitutes

D) plentiful grammatical constructions

E) a fixed word order in the sentence

51. The study of various grammatical structures which are realized as the product of speech-thinking activity of man is:

A) the subject of syntax

B) the object of syntax

C) word-combination

D)the object of morphology

E) not given

52. The main units of syntax are:

A) word-combination, sentence, text

B) word, word-groups, phraseological units

C) phonemes, morphemes, words

D) word, sentence

E) not given’

53. According to the classification of the word-combinations, they can be classified as:

A) kernel and non-kernel

B) simple and compound

C) constructional and communicative

D) finite and non-finite

E) derived and non-derived

54. The immediate integral unit of speech built up of words according to a definite syntactic pattern and distinguished by a contextually relevant communicative purpose is:

A) the sentence

B) the word-combination

C) the word-group

D) the text

E) the word’

55. As part of the grammatical theory, the main object of syntax is:

A) the sentence

B) the word

C) the morpheme

D) the text

E) the phoneme

56. Constructional analysis of syntactic units was initiated by:

A) G. Pocheptsov

B) Ch.Fries

C) H. Sweet

D) Scherba

E) J. Austin

57. Speech Act Theory was first introduced by:

A) J. Austin

B) Ch.Fries

C) G. Pocheptsov

D) Scherba

E) H. Sweet

58. The syntactic units can go into the following types of syntactic relations:

A) predication, coordination and subordination

B) coordination and predication

C) predication and subordination

D) coordination and subordination

E) not given

59. A combination that has at length two constituents is:

A) syntactic unit

B) word

C) syntactic form

D) syntactic meaning

E) syntactic function

60. Syntagmatic relations of interdependence is:

A) predication

B) subordination

C) generalization

D) coordination

E) characterization

61.English is…

  1. mainly an analytical language
  2. A synthetic language
  3. An agglutinative language
  4. An asyndetic language
  5. An Asian language

62. Which one isnota type of word-form derivation?

  1. Subject
  2. Synthetic type
  3. Analytical type
  4. Supplative formation
  5. Sound alteration

63. Affixal morphemes are  subdivided into  …

  1. Prefixes and suffixes
  2. Phonemes and allomorphs
  3. Inner inflexion and outer inflexion
  4. Allomorphs and morphemes
  5. Root morphemes and inflexions

64. Henry Sweet divided all parts of speech into …

  1. Declinable and indeclinable
  2. Lexical and grammatical
  3. Animate and inanimate
  4. Continuous and discontinuous
  5. Modal and auxiliary

65. Point out the principles of classification of parts of speech:

  1. Meaning, form, function
  2. Meaning, form, predication
  3. Meaning, form, coordination
  4. Function, meaning, sentence
  5. Negative form, positive form

66. Noun as a part of speech has a categorial meaning of :

  1. Substance
  2. Process
  3. Property
  4. Quality
  5. Quantity

67.Which of the following isnot a meaning of the genitive case:

  1. Common case
  2. Possessive genitive
  3. Genitive of measure
  4. Descriptive genitive
  5. Genitive of origin

68. The category of voice is based on the opposition of…

  1. Passive and active voice
  2. Perfect and non-perfect form
  3. Continuous and non-continuous form
  4. Direct and indirect form
  5. Reflexive or reciprocal voice

69. What is the main problem of the category of tense?

  1. The number of tenses
  2. The meaning of tenses
  3. The case of tenses
  4. The gender of tenses
  5. The absence of discontinuous morpheme

70. What is the status of the article?

  1. It’s a part of speech
  2. It’s a phrase
  3. It’s a supra-phrasal unit
  4. It’s a clause
  5. It’s a connector

71. What are the main syntactic notions?

  1. The phrase and the sentence
  2. The word and the morpheme.
  3. The theme and the rheme
  4. The noun and the verb
  5. The figures and numbers

72. What is a syntactic bond?

  1. A syntagmatic relation between word-forms, word-groups and sentences
  2. A syntactic function
  3. The meaning of the words
  4. A sentence
  5. A clause

13. Which of the following are the types of the Object:

  1. Direct, indirect, complex and cognate
  2. Simple, compound nominal, compound verbal
  3. Formal and informal
  4. Semi-composite and semi-compound
  5. Elementary and compound

74. Type of syntactic bond between the subject and the predicate is …

  1. Predication
  2. Subordination
  3. Coordination
  4. Cumulation
  5. Speculation

75. The main two principles of classification of the phrase are according to…

  1. The head component and the structure
  2. The purpose of the utterance and the structure
  3. The members of the sentence
  4. The head-word and adjunct
  5. The coordination and predication

76..What is the composition of the following phrase: “out of”

  1. Functional words
  2. Notional words
  3. Notional and functional words
  4. Modal words
  5. Conjunctions

77. What members are called the secondary members of the sentence?

  1. The object, the attribute and the adverbial modifier
  2. The subject and the object
  3. The object and the predicate
  4. The subject and the predicate
  5. The second member after the subject

78. One-member sentence is a sentence …

  1. Which contains only one principal member
  2. With one clause
  3. With one word omitted
  4. Which contains only one adjective
  5. Which contains one thing

79. Semi-complex sentence is a sentence with…

  1. Predicative constructions
  2. Two equal clauses
  3. Two members
  4. One member
  5. No clauses

80.What is another term for the “Actual Division of the sentence”?

  1. Functional sentence perspective
  2. Member of the sentence
  3. Composite sentence
  4. Elliptical sentence
  5. Parts of the sentence model

81.What are the main functions of any human language?

A)communicative and expressive

B) descriptive and communicative

C)descriptive and expressive

D) expressive and representative

E) not given

82.What are the level units of the syntactical level?

A)word-group and sentence

B) word and morpheme

C)morpheme and phoneme

D) word and sentence

E) not given

83.The phonological level unit is

A) the phoneme

B) the word

C) the text

D) the morpheme

E) not given

84.Linguistic unit can enter into relations of two different kinds:

A) pragmatic and syntagmatic

B) semantic and syntagmatic

C) formal and functional

D) coordinate and subordinate

E) simple and compound

85.Three types of syntagmatic relations are:

A) coordinate, subordinate, predicative

B) semantic, formal, functional

C) semantic, syntagmatic, subordinate

D) formal, functional, predicative

E) subordinate, fomal

86.Functional paradigmatic relations are based on

A) the similarity of function

B) the similarity of forms

C) the similarity of meaning

D) the similarity of linguistic units

E) the similarity of sterms

87.Segmental units of language form … levels

A) 6

B) 4

C) 5

D) 3


88.What three constituent parts does language incorporate?

A) the phonological system, the lexical system, the grammatical system

B) the phonological system, the morphological system, the grammatical system

C) the phonological system, the semantic system, the grammatical system

D) the phonological system, the linguistic system, the grammatical system

E) the linguistic system,  the phonological system

89.Language is …

A) a system of special signs

B) a diachronic system of meaningful elements

C) a synchronic system of meaningless elements

D) a system of  rules

E)a system of written elements

90.What meanings does the word combine in its semantic structure?

A)Lexical and grammatical

B)Distributional and grammatical

C)Lexical and functional

D)Grammatical and functional

E) Grammatical and notional

91.The grammatical meaning may be:

A) Explicit and implicit

B) General and dependent

C) Dependent and independent

D) Declinable and indeclinable

E) not given

92.What grammatical meaning does the class of nouns have?

A) Thingness

B) Qualitativeness



E) all variants

93.To the type of significational categories belong:

A) Mood and degree

B) Time and quantity

C) Number and tense

D) Tense and time

E) not given

94.Transposition is:

A) The use of a linguistic unit in an unusual environment or in the function that is not characteristic of it

B) The relation between two grammatical forms differing in meaning and external signs

C) The use of the types of grammatical meaning

D) The relation between two different grammatical categories

E) all variants

95.When characterizing any part of speech we are to describe:

A) Its semantics, morphological features and syntactic peculiarities

B) Its morphological peculiarities, derivational and notional features

C)Its derivational features

D)Its meaning, syntactic peculiarities and derivational features

E) not given

96. The dependent syntactic unit is:

A) The word-group

B) The morpheme

C) The sentence

D) The text

E) The phoneme

97.Variants of the same morpheme is called:

A) Allomorph

B) Distribution

C) Morph

D) Suffix


98.The noun discriminates grammatical categories of  ….

A) gender, number, case and article determination

B) gender, voice, time, case

C) number, case, voice, mood

D) gender, mood, case

E)  time, case, mood, number

99.The primary substantive functions of the noun are …

A) functions of the subject and object

B) functions of the predicative

C) functions of the subject

D) functions of the attributive

E) functions of the object

100.Syntax deals with …

A) the way words are combined

B) paradigmatic and syntagmatic properties of morphological units

C) the internal structure of words

D) morphological categories

E) lexical meanings

101.Transformational – Generative grammar was first suggested by …

A) Z. Harris

B) Ch. C. Fries

C) A. M. Peshkovski

D) M. Blokh

E) not given

102.According to the type of the syntagmatic relations word-groups can be divided into…

A) coordinate,  subordinate and predicative

B) independent and dependent

C) syntactic, syntagmatic and semantic

D) simple, expanded and extended

E) all variants

103.“Traditional” classification of words is based on…

A) semantic, formal and functional criteria

B) semantic and structural criteria

C) semantic and functional criteria

D) lexical and grammatical criteria

E) structural and lexical criteria

104.The functional words are…

A) the words of incomplete value but of absolutely essential value

B) the words of complete  nominative value

C) the words which fulfill self-independent functions of naming things in the utterance

D) the unity of the notional lexemes

E) all the variants

105.What is the sentence?

A) a unit of language

B) a unit of speech

C) a smallest unit of language

D) a combination of words

E) a part of speech

106.What is the text?

A) a structural and semantic unit

B) a structural unit

C) the smallest unit of  language

D) the highest level of  speech

E) not given

107.What is the coherence?

A) a semantic or topical unity of the spoken or written text

B) a succession of spoken or written sentences

C) a parenthesis

D) the unit of the highest level

E) all the variants

108..What kind(s) of cohesion do you know?

A) textual an lexical

B)there are not any kinds of cohesion

C) lexical cohesion

D) textual cohesion

E) all the variants

109.What kinds of gender are there in Modern English?

A) neuter, feminine, masculine

B) such category is not admitted in ME

C) masculine, feminine

D) neuter, feminine

E)  none

110.What is the most important of opposition in morphology?

A) The binary private opposition

B) Gradual oppositions

C) Equipollent oppositions

D) All the answers above are correct

E) not given

111.What are  two main parts of theoretical grammar?

A) Morphology and syntax

B) Morphology and phrase

C) Morphology and sentence

D) Morpheme and word

E) Syntax and text

112.Choose the correct definition of a morpheme:

  1. It is the smallest meaningful unit  of the word
  2. It is the biggest part of the sentence
  3. It is a secondary member of the sentence
  4. It is predication
  5. It is a syntactic bond

113.    Supplative formation is characterised by …

  1. A complete change of the root
  2. Affixation
  3. An analytical form of the word
  4. A change of a grammatical meaning
  5. A formation of past simple.

114.Ch. Fries divided all parts of speech into…

  1. 4 classes and 15 groups
  2. Animate and inanimate
  3. Perfect and non-perfect
  4. Passive and active
  5. Notional and structural

115.All parts of speech can be divided into …

  1. Notional and structural
  2. Morphological and structural
  3. Four classes (article, verb, preposition and numeral)
  4. Covert and overt
  5. Lexical and syntactic

116.  What does the category of case express?

  1. The relation between the thing denoted by the noun and other things
  2. The relation between the verb and the other verb
  3. The relation between the noun and the numeral
  4. The relation between the noun and the article
  5. The relation between the thing and the subject

117. The category of time-correlation shows …

  1. If the subject of the sentence is the agent or object of the action
  2. The aspect of the verb
  3. If the action is viewed as prior to other situations or irrespective of them
  4. The tense of the verbs
  5. If the action is real or not

118. The category of Mood shows the relation between …

  1. The action expressed by the predicate verb and reality
  2. The thing denoted by the noun and other things
  3. The verb and the other verb
  4. The noun and the numeral
  5. The noun and the article

119. What are the subclasses of the adjectives?

  1. Abstract and concrete
  2. Collective and class
  3. Animate and inanimate
  4. Qualitative and relative
  5. Singular and plural

120. What is the meaning of prepositions?

  1. Relation between things and phenomena
  2. Quantity
  3. Points to things
  4. Property
  5. Direction

121. What syntactic functions do you know?

  1. Subject, predicate, object, attribute and adverbial modifier
  2. Word order and prosody
  3. Predication, coordination and subordination
  4. Subject and predicate
  5. Declarative and interrogative

122. Which of the following is not a syntactic bond?

  1. Predication
  2. Subordination
  3. Coordination
  4. Cumulation
  5. Speculation

123. Type of syntactic bond between the headword and the adjunct is …

  1. Predication
  2. Subordination
  3. Coordination
  4. Cumulation
  5. Speculation

124.Coordination is a syntactic bond which exists between…

  1. The units of syntactically equal rank
  2. The units of unequal rank
  3. The subject and predicate
  4. The head-word and the adjunct
  5. The predicate and object

125. According to the structure the phrase may be…

  1. Simple or compound
  2. Two member or one member
  3. Closed or open
  4. Fixed or flexible

Coordinate or predicative

126.From the point of view of their structure, sentences can be:

  1. Simple or composite
  2. Affirmative, declarative, negative
  3. Subordinate or principle
  4. Pronominal or suggestive.
  5. Rhetorical, alternative.

127. Which of the following is a main member of the sentence?

  1. A subject
  2. An attribute
  3. An adverbial modifier
  4. A part of object
  5. The main clause

128.  The compound sentences consists of two or more…

  1. Clauses of equal rank, which form one syntactical whole in the meaning and intonation
  2. Clauses, one is the basic element, whereas the other is a part of the first
  3. Phrases
  4. Words
  5. Nouns

129.Semi-compound sentence is a sentence with …

  1. Predicative constructions
    1. Two equal clauses
    2. Homogeneous predicates
    3. One member
    4. No clauses

130.What are two principal types of texts?

  1. The monologue and the dialogue
  2. The monologue and the supra-phrasal unit
  3. The question and the answer
  4. The order and the request
  5. The statement and the question

131 .The aim of theoretical grammar is

A.Тhe description of grammar rules that are necessary to understand and formulate sentences

B.Тhe description of  the language phenomena in general

C.Тo offer explanation for grammar rules that are necessary to understand and formulate sentences

D.Тo describe all the grammar rules by using some special practical and theoretical methods and approaches

E. not given

132. What are the level units of the morphological level?

a.  Word and sentence

b.  Word and morpheme

c.  Morpheme and phoneme

d.  Word-group and sentence

133.The supersyntactical level unit is

a.  the word

b.  the text

c.  the phoneme

d.  the morpheme

134.Three types of paradigmatic relations:

a.  semantic, formal, functional

b.  coordinate, subordinate, predicative

c.  semantic, syntagmatic, subordinate

d.  formal, functional, predicative

135.Indo-European languages are classified into two structural types:

a.synthetic and analytical

b.  synthetic and semantic

c.  semantic and analytic

d.formal and functional

136.Word is the main unit of…

a.  morphology

b.  phonology

c.  syntactics

d.  phonetics

137.Speech is …

a.a manifestation of the system of language in the process of communication

b.  a diachronic system of meaningful elements

c.  a synchronic system of meaningless elements

d.  a system of special signs

138.…  is made up by the unity of  identical grammatical meanings that have the same form:

a. Grammatical meaning

b. Grammatical structure

c. Grammatical category

d. Grammatical opposition

139.The  objective category of quantity finds its representations in the grammatical category of:

a. Number

b. Time

c. Tense

d. Plurality

140. Any grammatical category must be represented by at least … grammatical forms:





141. According to the Latin classification of the parts of speech all words were divided dichotomically into:

a. Nominative and functional

b. Distributional and nominative

c. Declinable and indeclinable

d. Dependent and independent

142. What approach to the parts of speech classification can be illustrated by the classification introduced by Charles Fries:

a. Complex

b. Functional

c. Distributional

d. Classical

143. A basic nominative unit is:

a. The morpheme

b. The word

c. The phoneme

d. The sentence

144. The main communicative unit is:

a. The sentence

b. The text

c. The word

d. The word-group

145. Variants of the same morpheme is called:

a. Allomorph

b. Distribution

c. Morph

d. Suffix

146. Constructional analysis of syntactic units was initiated by …

a. prof. G. Pocheptsov

b. Z. Harris

c. M. Blokh

d. Ch. C. Fries

147. Types of syntactic relations …

a. coordination, subordination  and predication

b. adverbial, adjective and attributive

c. agreement, government and adjournment

d. disjunctive and adversative

148. Discourse analysis …

a. focuses on the study of language use with reference to the social and psychological factors that influence communication

b. concerned with the analysis of utterances from the point of their communicative value

c. studies the text as a syntactic unit, its main features, different ways of its analysis

d. deals with the actual division of the utterance – the theme and rheme analysis

149.According to the structure word-group can be classified…

a. free and bound

b. limiters and determiners

c. simple, expanded and extended

d. coordinate, subordinate and predicative

150.Valency is …

a. a potential ability of word to combine

b. a combination of two notional words, which are syntactically connected

c. a definite kind of the subordinate phrase with the verb as the head

d. a definite kind of the subordinate phrase with the noun as the head

151.Particles are referred to…

a. notional parts of speech

b. functional parts of speech

c. overt parts of speech

d. substantial properties

152.The author of “The Three-Layer Classification of Words”

  1. A.M.Peshkovski
  2. M.Blokh
  3. Ch.C.Fries
  4. Z.Harris

153.What is the sentence?

a. The part of the text

b. The highest unit of language

c. The morphological level unit

d. The minimal communicative unit

154. What are the immediate constituents?

a. The different levels of relationship of arranged words’ groups

b. The phrase structure

c. The process of grouping words

d. The correlating different sentence types

155. What is the constructional analysis?

a. the cutting of the sentence to its constituents

b. due to this analysis all the necessary constituents of primary predication constitute  the main parts of the sentence

c. the correlating different sentence types

d. There is not a correct answer

156. What is the coherence?

a. a semantic or topical unity of the spoken or written text

b. a succession of spoken or written sentences

c. the smallest unit of speech

  1. the unit of the supersyntactic level

157. “now, then, today, yesterday, tomorrow, etc.” belong to ….

a. temporal deixis

b. absolute deixis

c. place deixis

d. relational deixis

158. What are principle types of the text?

a. phrase, word-group

b. monologue, dialogue

c. utterance, phrase

d. word-group, utterance

159. This category reflects the objective relations between the action itself and the subject or object of the action

a. the category of voice

b. the category of aspect

c. the category of person

d. the category of mood

160. What kinds of the semantic features does the continuous form verb have?

a. duration, definiteness

b. transivity/intransivity

c. stativeness/non-stativeness

d. terminativeness/interminativeness

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